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Species List for Family: Epitoniidae
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Mollusca (Phylum) > Gastropoda (Class) > Caenogastropoda (Subclass) > [unassigned] Caenogastropoda (Order) > Epitonioidea (Superfamily) > Epitoniidae (Family)
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  • Family: Epitoniidae

  • Acirsa cookiana (Dell, 1956)
    Height 10mm, Width 3.5mm, Marine, Endemic
    North Island, Cook Strait and eastern South Island ACE.
  • Amaea thielei (Boury, 1913)
    Height 30mm, Marine
    Kermadec Islands K
  • Cirsotrema forresti Dell, 1956
    Height 7mm, Width 3mm, Marine, Endemic
    North Island, Hawkes Bay to Chatham Islands CFME.
  • Cirsotrema zelebori (Dunker, 1866)
    Height 30mm, Width 11mm, Wentletrap, Marine, Endemic
    Three Kings Islands, North, South, Stewart and Chatham Islands ACFME.
  • Claviscala kuroharai Kuroda & Habe, 1961
    Height 83mm Width 22.4mm, Marine
    Off Three Kings Islands, Norfolk Islands, Japan. 200-730 metres A
  • Cycloscala sp. cf. hyalina (G.B. Sowerby II, 1844)
    Kermadec Islands K
  • Epidendrium billeeanum (Du Shane & Bratcher, 1965)
    Kermadec Islands K
  • Epitonium bucknilli Powell, 1924
    Height 14mm, Width 6mm, Wentletrap, Marine, Endemic
    Northland to Mahia ACE.
  • Epitonium jukesianum (Forbes, 1852)
    Height 13mm, Width 4mm, Wentletrap, Marine, Endemic
    North Island to Cook Strait. Also Tasmania and from New South Wales to Western Australia ACE.
  • Epitonium minorum (Iredale, 1936)
    Height 14mm, Width 5mm, Wentletrap, Marine, In shallow water on fine sand, in open coast situations
    Northland east coast. Also New South Wales, Australia AC
  • Epitonium tenellum (Hutton, 1885)
    Height 20mm, Width 9mm, Wentletrap, Marine, Endemic, In sheltered shallow water, on silty sand
    Northland to Nelson/Marlborough, in silty sand. Also Queensland to Victoria, Australia ACE.
  • Gyroscala commutata (Monterosato, 1877)
    Height 32mm, Width 13mm, Marine, Umbilicus is closed, there is a spiral rib on the base of the body whorl, and a brown band is present at the top of whorls
    Kermadec, Australia and Northland, NZ KA
  • Gyroscala sp. aff. lamellosa (Lamarck, 1822)
    Marine, Endemic
  • Iphitus neozelanicus (Dell, 1956)
    Height 3.3mm, Width 2.3mm, Marine, Endemic
    Cook Strait to Chatham Islands. Trawled from around 250-900 metres CME.
  • Janthina exigua (Lamarck, 1822)
    Height 23mm, Width 21mm, Violet Snail, Marine, Pelagic, feeds mainly on colonial cnidarians (Physalia, Velella, Porpita). Strong and widely spaced growth ridges
    Commonly washed ashore on west coast beaches ACFM
  • Janthina globosa Swainson, 1826
    Height 32mm, Width 26mm, Violet Snail, Marine, Pelagic, feeds mainly on colonial cnidarians (Physalia, Velella, Porpita)
    Occasionally washed ashore on Northland east coast beaches, down to Awhitu Peninsula on the west coast, and eastern Bay of Plenty A
  • Janthina janthina (Linnaeus, 1758)
    Height 38mm, Width 40mm, Violet Snail, Marine, Pelagic, feeds mainly on colonial cnidarians (Physalia, Velella, Porpita)
    World wide ACFM
  • Janthina umbilicata d'Orbigny, 1840
    Height 16mm, Width 15mm, Marine, Pelagic, feeds mainly on colonial cnidarians (Physalia, Velella, Porpita). Fine and closely spaced growth ridges
    Kermadec Islands and Northern NZ KA
  • Murdochella alacer Finlay, 1926
    Height 4.7mm, Width 1.6mm, Marine, Endemic
    Off North Cape and Northland AE.
  • Murdochella levifoliata (Murdoch & Suter, 1906)
    Height 5.7mm, Width 1.6mm, Marine, Endemic
    Off North, South, Stewart, Chathams and Snares Islands ACMAnE.
  • Opalia ahiparana (Powell, 1930)
    Height 7mm, Width 2.5mm, Marine, Endemic
    Northland, off Ahipara 130 metres AE.
  • Opalia maxwelli (Finlay, 1930)
    Height 7.5mm, Width 2.5mm, Marine, Endemic
    Off Taiaroa Head, Otago FE.
  • Opalia zelandica (Finlay, 1930)
    Height 10mm, Marine, Endemic
    Northland, off North Cape AE.
  • Papuliscala superlata Finlay, 1930
    Height 4.5mm, Width 1.3mm, Marine, Endemic
    Off North Cape AE.
  • Recluzia lutea (Bennett, 1840)
    Height 37mm, Width 26mm, Marine, Pelagic, feeds on floating Minyadidae anemones
    Washed ashore Northland to Bay of Plenty KA
Key to Geographical Ranges
NZ Map showing Geographical Ranges
The symbols K.A.C.F.M.An. are used to indicate the geographical range of the species. They have been adopted to give an approximation of the range of each species within New Zealand.
Kermadec Islands
Aupourian - Kaipara Harbour, north around North Cape, encompassing the Three Kings Islands and south to East Cape
Cookian - Lower North Island and the northern part of the South Island
Forsterian - Otago, Fiordland and Stewart Island
Moriorian - Chatham Islands, Pitt Island
Antipodean - Subantarctic Islands of New Zealand
Fw =
L =
N =
North Island
S =
South Island
E =
I =
R =
Sf =
Fo =