North and South Island. Native to western Europe, from the British Isles, western and northern France, Belgium, and the Netherlands, to scattered localities in Portugal, Germany, Denmark, and southern Sweden. Introduced into Australia and New Zealand
Land, North Island, South Island, Introduced, Coastal sand dunes
References and Publications
Barker, G.M. 1999 Naturalised Terrestrial Stylommatophora (Mollusca: Gastropoda), Fauna of New Zealand, Manaaki Whenua Press (p.73)
Goulstone, J.F., Mayhill, P.C., Parrish, G.R. 1993 An Illustrated Guide to the Land Mollusca of the Te Paki ecological region, Northland, New Zealand, New Zealand Journal of Zoology, 34 (p.24)
Stelfox, A.W. 1912 The Occurrence of Helicella heripensis (Mabille) in Great Britain, Proceedings of the Malacological Society of London, 10(1) (p.39)
Key to Geographical Ranges
The symbols K.A.C.F.M.An. are used to indicate the geographical range of the species.
They have been adopted to give an approximation of the range of each species within New Zealand.
Aupourian - Kaipara Harbour, north around North Cape, encompassing the Three Kings Islands and south to East Cape
Cookian - Lower North Island and the northern part of the South Island