A group of small, deep-water, limpet-like molluscs. All species show a variable number of serially repeated gills and eight sets of dorsoventral pedal retractor muscles.
Chitons. Limpet shaped animals which attach themselves to solid surfaces. The shell is divided into 8 small plaits or valves, running along the back of the animal, which are embedded in the mantle and surrounding girdle.
The largest and most highly varied class of molluscs. Most with a single shell, usually coiled in a right-hand spiral. Some species have a simple cap-shaped shell, some only an internal remnant, or in some (slugs and nudibranchs), the shell is absent.
Tusk Shells have a tapered tube-like shell, open at each end. At the wide end is the plug-like foot of the animal, and the head from which extend bunches of slender tentacles. The animal burrown in sand or mud, and feeds on foraminifers, the larvae of other shellfish and micro-organisms.
Shells consisting of two valves, hinged by an elastic ligament and held closed by a pair of adductor muscles. Usually bilaterally symetrical, except in a few families in which one valve may become cemented to a solid surface.
This class includes the extinct Ammonites and Belemnites, the living Cuttlefish, Octopus, Squids and Argonauts. Most are soft bodied, but some have an external shell (Nautilus, Argonauta), or internal shell (Spirula).
Starfish or Sea Stars. Usually star-shaped with a central disc, and five arms, however some may have up to 11 or more arms
Commonly called Brittle Stars, the Ophiuroidea are star-shaped echinoderms with a distinct central disc, and usually five slender arms.
Sea Eggs, Kina and Sea Urchins belong to the group Echinoidea.