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Species List for Family: Punctidae
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Mollusca (Phylum) > Gastropoda (Class) > Heterobranchia (Subclass) > Euthyneura (Infraclass) > Tectipleura (Subterclass) > Eupulmonata (Superorder) > Stylommatophora (Order) > Helicina (Suborder) > [unassigned] Helicina (Infraorder) > Punctoidea (Superfamily) > Punctidae (Family)
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  • Family: Punctidae

  • Kokikora angulata Climo & Goulstone, 1995
    Width 2.4mm
    Land, Endemic
    North Island, and NW Nelson, coastal
    L.N.S.E.
  • Kokikora mimiwhangata Climo & Goulstone, 1995
    Width 1.4mm
    Land
    North Island, Northland
    L.N.
  • Kokopapa bispathulata Climo & Mahlfeld, 2011
    Width 3.65mm, Height 2.8mm
    Land, Endemic
    Westland, South Island
    L.S.E.
  • Kokopapa matarua Climo & Mahlfeld, 2011
    Height 2.95mm, Width 3.25mm
    Land, Endemic
    South Island. Fiordland, Southland, Codfish Island
    L.S.E.
  • Kokopapa milleneri Climo & Mahlfeld, 2011
    Width 2.8mm, Height 2.45mm
    Land, Endemic
    South Island, NW Nelson to Oparara, Karamea
    L.S.E.
  • Kokopapa mokihinui Climo & Mahlfeld, 2011
    Width 2.55mm, Height 2.3mm
    Land, Endemic
    South Island, Karamea, northern Westland
    L.S.E.
  • Kokopapa rapahoe Climo & Mahlfeld, 2011
    Width 3.95mm, Height 3.45mm
    Land, Endemic
    South Island, Westland, near Greymouth
    L.S.E.
  • Kokopapa unispathulata Climo & Mahlfeld, 2011
    Height 2.9mm, Width 3.1mm
    Land, Endemic
    North, South and Stewart Island
    L.N.S.E.
  • Laoma ciliata Suter, 1894
    Width 1.75mm, Height 2mm
    Land, Endemic
    North Island. Hawke's Bay and Bay of Plenty to Auckland
    L.N.E.
  • Laoma labyrinthica Powell, 1948
    Width 2.4mm, Height 1.5mm
    Land, Endemic
    Three Kings Islands
    L.E.
  • Laoma leimonias (Gray, 1850)
    Height 3mm, Width 2mm
    Land, Endemic
    North Island. Hawke's Bay to Waikato, and Auckland to Whangarei
    L.N.E.
  • Laoma mariae (Gray in Dieffenbach, 1843)
    Width 8mm, Height 4.5mm
    Land, Endemic
    North Island
    L.N.E.
  • Laoma mariae aupouria Cumber, 1967
    Width 6mm, Height 3mm
    Land, Endemic
    North Island. Cape Maria van Diemen to North Cape
    L.N.E.
  • Laoma marina (Hutton, 1883)
    Width 3.5mm, Height 2.3mm
    Land, Endemic
    North and South Island
    L.N.S.E.
  • Laoma minuta Climo, 1971
    Width 1.5mm
    Land, Endemic
    North Island. Poor Knights Islands
    L.N.E.
  • Laomarex minuta (Gardner, 1967)
    Width 2.5mm, Height 1mm
    Land, Endemic
    North Island. Cape Reinga to Spirits Bay, Far North
    L.N.E.
  • Laomarex regia (Gardner, 1968)
    Width 5.5mm, Height 2.2mm
    Land, Endemic
    Three Kings Islands
    L.E.
  • Laomarex sericea Powell, 1948
    Width 3.3mm, Height 2mm
    Land, Endemic
    Three Kings Islands
    L.E.
  • Obanella allanae Dell, 1952
    Width 1.5mm, Height 0.7mm
    Land, Endemic
    South Island and Stewart Island
    L.S.E.
  • Obanella rimutaka Dell, 1952
    Width 1.75mm
    Land, Endemic
    North Island
    L.N.E.
  • Obanella spectabilis (Powell, 1928)
    Width 1.5mm, Height 0.7mm
    Land, Endemic
    North and South Island
    L.N.S.E.
  • Paralaoma allochroida (Suter, 1890)
    Width 1.5mm, Height 1mm
    Land, Endemic
    North and South Island
    L.N.S.E.
  • Paralaoma ambigua Iredale, 1913
    Land, Endemic, Living under stones, wood, and dead leaves on the ground
    Kermadec Islands
    L.E.
  • Paralaoma buddlei Powell, 1951
    Width 2.2mm, Height 1.4mm
    Land
    Three Kings Islands
    L.
  • Paralaoma lateumbilicata (Suter, 1890)
    Width 1.5mm, Height 1mm
    Land, Endemic
    North, South and Stewart Island
    L.N.S.E.
  • Paralaoma manawatawhia Goulstone & Brook, 1999
    Width 1.2mm, Height 0.8mm
    Land, Endemic
    Endemic to Great Island, Three Kings Islands
    L.E.
  • Paralaoma miserabilis (Iredale, 1913)
    Land, Endemic
    Kermadec Islands and North Island
    L.KN.E.
  • Paralaoma pagoda Climo, 1973
    Height 1.5mm, Width 1.75mm
    Land, Endemic
    Three Kings Islands
    L.E.
  • Paralaoma raki Goulstone & Brook, 1999
    Width 1.1mm, Height 0.8mm
    Land, Endemic
    Three Kings Islands
    L.E.
  • Paralaoma raricostata (Suter, 1890)
    Width 2mm, Height 1mm
    Land, Endemic
    North and South Island
    L.N.S.E.
  • Paralaoma regia Powell, 1948
    Width 1.7mm, Height 0.85mm
    Land, Endemic
    Three Kings Islands
    L.E.
  • Paralaoma sericata (Suter, 1890)
    Width 1.2mm, Height 0.7mm
    Land, Endemic
    North, South and Stewart Island
    L.N.S.E.
  • Paralaoma serratocostata Webster, 1906
    Width 1mm, Height 0.75mm
    Land, Endemic
    North and South Island
    L.N.S.E.
  • Paralaoma servilis (Shuttleworth, 1852)
    Land, Endemic
    Kermadec Islands, North and South Island
    L.KN.S.E.
  • Paralaoma thomsoni (Suter, 1917)
    Width 1.9mm, Height 1.3mm
    Land, Fossil, Endemic
    South Island
    L.S.Fo.E.
  • Paralaoma turbotti Powell, 1948
    Width 1.6mm, Height 1mm
    Land, Endemic
    Three Kings Islands
    L.E.
  • Pasmaditta jungermanniae (Petterd, 1879)
    Land
    North and South Island
    L.N.S.
  • Phrixgnathus alfredi (Suter, 1909)
    Width 2.5mm, Height 1.6mm
    Land, Endemic
    North Island. Auckland
    L.N.E.
  • Phrixgnathus ariel Hutton, 1883
    Width 3.25mm, Height 2.5mm
    Land, Endemic
    North and South Island
    L.N.S.E.
  • Phrixgnathus blacki Powell, 1951
    Width 1.8mm, Height 1.9mm
    Land, Endemic
    Three Kings Islands
    L.E.
  • Phrixgnathus brunneus Climo & Goulstone, 1993
    Width 2.5mm, Height 1.3mm
    Land, Endemic
    North Island. Great Barrier Island down to north Volcanic Plateau
    L.N.E.
  • Phrixgnathus celia Hutton, 1883
    Width 3.8mm, Height 2.5mm
    Land, Endemic
    North and South Island
    L.N.S.E.
  • Phrixgnathus cheesemani Suter, 1894
    Width 4.6mm, Height 3mm
    Land, Endemic
    North Island
    L.N.E.
  • Phrixgnathus clathratus (Gardner, 1972)
    Width 2mm, Height 1.5mm
    Land, Endemic
    North Island
    L.N.E.
  • Phrixgnathus cognatus (Suter, 1909)
    Width 2.2mm, Height 1.7mm
    Land, Endemic
    Campbell Island, on Dracophyllum
    L.E.
  • Phrixgnathus compressus (Suter, 1909)
    Width 1.4mm, Height 1.3mm
    Land, Endemic
    North Island. Auckland
    L.N.E.
  • Phrixgnathus conella (L. Pfeiffer, 1861)
    Width 3.5mm, Height 2.8mm
    Land, Endemic
    North Island
    L.N.E.
  • Phrixgnathus douglasi Climo & Goulstone, 1993
    Height 1.8mm, Width 1.5mm
    Land, Endemic
    North Island. Te Kao down to South Auckland
    L.N.E.
  • Phrixgnathus erigone (Gray, 1850)
    Width 2mm, Height 2.25mm
    Land, Endemic
    North Island. Northland to Waikato
    L.N.E.
  • Phrixgnathus fatuus (L. Pfeiffer, 1857)
    Land, Endemic
    North Island
    L.N.E.
  • Phrixgnathus filicostus (Suter, 1907)
    Width 1.8mm, Height 1.3mm
    Land, Endemic
    North Island. Waikato
    L.N.E.
  • Phrixgnathus flemingi Dell, 1950
    Width 3.8mm, Height 1.9mm
    Land
    Snares Island
    L.
  • Phrixgnathus flemingi stewartensis Dell, 1954
    Width 3.3mm, Height 2mm
    Land
    Stewart Island
    L.
  • Phrixgnathus forsteri Dell, 1952
    Width 2.6mm, Height 1.6mm
    Land
    South Island
    L.S.
  • Phrixgnathus fulguratus (Suter, 1909)
    Width 3.2mm, Height 2mm
    Land
    North Island. Waitakere Ranges, W of Auckland
    L.N.
  • Phrixgnathus glabriusculus (Reeve, 1852)
    Width 3.5mm, Height 2mm
    Land
    North and South Island
    L.N.S.
  • Phrixgnathus gracilis (Suter, 1913)
    Land, Endemic
    South Island
    L.S.E.
  • Phrixgnathus haasti Hutton, 1883
    Width 3mm, Height 1.8mm
    Land
    South Island. Mount Somers, W of Methven
    L.S.
  • Phrixgnathus hamiltoni (Suter, 1896)
    Width 2.5mm, Height 1.3mm
    Land
    Macquarie Island
    L.
  • Phrixgnathus laqueus Dell, 1950
    Width 3mm, Height 1.8mm
    Land
    Snares Islands
    L.
  • Phrixgnathus larochei (Powell, 1928)
    Width 2.3mm, Height 2.3mm
    Land
    North Island. Hokianga, Northland
    L.N.
  • Phrixgnathus levis (Suter, 1913)
    Land, Endemic, Under moist broadleaf litter, often associated with limestone ledges
    North Island. Pipiriki, N of Wanganui, to Port Waikato
    L.N.E.
  • Phrixgnathus liratulus (Suter, 1909)
    Width 4.2mm, Height 3mm
    Land, Endemic
    Stewart Island
    L.S.E.
  • Phrixgnathus lucidus (Suter, 1896)
    Width 3mm, Height 2mm
    Land, Endemic
    North Island, near Auckland
    L.N.E.
  • Phrixgnathus marginatus Hutton, 1882
    Width 3.8mm, Height 2.5mm
    Land, Endemic
    South Island. Greymouth
    L.S.E.
  • Phrixgnathus microreticulatus (Suter, 1890)
    Width 1.7mm, Height 1.3mm
    Land
    North and South Island
    L.N.S.
  • Phrixgnathus moellendorffi (Suter, 1896)
    Width 2.5mm, Height 1.5mm
    Land
    North Island. Northland to Auckland. Mount Wellington lava fields
    L.N.
  • Phrixgnathus murdochi Suter, 1894
    Width 6.5mm, Height 3mm
    Land, Endemic
    North Island. Hokianga
    L.N.E.
  • Phrixgnathus paralaomiformis (Climo, 1971)
    Width 3mm
    Land, Endemic
    Poor Knights Islands
    L.N.E.
  • Phrixgnathus phrynia Hutton, 1883
    Width 3.5mm, Height 2.4mm
    Land, Endemic
    North, South and Stewart Islands
    L.N.S.E.
  • Phrixgnathus pirongiaensis (Suter, 1894)
    Width 2mm, Height 1.9mm
    Land, Endemic
    North Island. Mt Pirongia, Waikato
    L.N.E.
  • Phrixgnathus poecilosticta (L. Pfeiffer, 1853)
    Width 4mm, Height 3.3mm
    Land, Endemic
    North Island. Hokianga to Wellington
    L.N.E.
  • Phrixgnathus powelli (Climo, 1971)
    Width 2.2mm
    Land, Endemic
    Northland offshore Islands, Poor Knights & Hen & Chicken Islands
    L.N.E.
  • Phrixgnathus rakiura Dell, 1954
    Width 2.3mm, Height 1.2mm
    Land, Endemic
    Stewart Island and Fiordland
    L.S.E.
  • Phrixgnathus rakiura solanderi Dell, 1954
    Width 2.4mm, Height 1.5mm
    Land, Endemic
    Solander Island, Foveaux Strait
    L.S.E.
  • Phrixgnathus ruforadiatus (Gardner, 1972)
    Width 1.8mm, Height 1.3mm
    Land, Endemic
    North Island. Kaeo to Waipoua Forest, Northland
    L.N.E.
  • Phrixgnathus sciadium (L. Pfeiffer, 1857)
    Width 6.1mm, Height 3.3mm
    Land, Endemic
    Northland
    L.N.E.
  • Phrixgnathus sorenseni (Powell, 1955)
    Width 2.7mm, Height 1.3mm
    Land, Endemic
    Campbell Island
    L.E.
  • Phrixgnathus spiralis (Suter, 1896)
    Width 3.3mm, Height 2mm
    Land, Endemic
    South Island. Pelorus Sound
    L.S.E.
  • Phrixgnathus subariel Powell, 1948
    Width 2.8mm, Height 1.9mm
    Land, Endemic
    Three Kings Islands
    L.E.
  • Phrixgnathus sublucidus (Suter, 1896)
    Width 3mm, Height 2mm
    Land, Endemic
    North Island. Waitakere, W of Auckland
    L.N.E.
  • Phrixgnathus titania Hutton, 1883
    Width 3.5mm, Height 2.5mm
    Land, Recent, Fossil, Endemic
    South Island. Dunedin
    L.S.R.Fo.E.
  • Phrixgnathus trailli (Suter, 1909)
    Width 4.5mm, Height 3.2mm
    Land
    L.N.
  • Phrixgnathus transitans Suter, 1892
    Width 3mm, Height 2.5mm
    Land, Endemic
    North Island. Northland to Thames
    L.N.E.
  • Phrixgnathus viridulus (Suter, 1909)
    Width 2.4mm, Height 1.8mm
    Land, Endemic
    North and South Islands
    L.N.S.E.
  • Phrixgnathus viridulus caswelli Dell, 1955
    Width 2.6mm, Height 1.8mm
    Land, Endemic
    South Island. Fiordland
    L.S.E.
  • Phrixgnathus waipoua (Gardner, 1969)
    Width 1.5mm, Height 2mm
    Land, Endemic
    North Island. Waipoua Forest, Northland
    L.N.E.
  • Taguahelix antipodensis (Powell, 1955)
    Width 2.1mm, Height 1.3mm
    Land, Endemic
    Antipodes Islands
    L.E.
  • Taguahelix campbellica (Filhol, 1880)
    Width 3mm, Height 2mm
    Land, Endemic
    Campbell and Auckland Islands
    L.E.
  • Taguahelix crispata Climo & Goulstone, 1993
    Width 2.5mm, Height 1.9mm
    Land, Endemic, Aerial habitat, found on trunks under bark and in living nikau boles as well as on the ground
    North Island, Far North to Huntly and northern Waikato region
    L.N.E.
  • Taguahelix delicatula (Powell, 1955)
    Width 2.5mm, Height 1.5mm
    Land, Endemic
    Auckland Islands
    L.E.
  • Taguahelix elaiodes (Webster, 1904)
    Width 3.0mm, Height 2.0mm
    Land, Endemic
    North Island. Northland down to Waikato region
    L.N.E.
  • Taguahelix francesci (Webster, 1904)
    Width 2.0mm, Height 1.75mm
    Land, Endemic
    North Island. Northland to Bay of Plenty and King Country
    L.N.E.
  • Taguahelix hirsuta (Powell, 1955)
    Width 2.5mm, Height 1.6mm
    Land, Endemic
    Auckland Islands
    L.E.
  • Taguahelix subantarctica (Suter, 1909)
    Width 4mm, Height 3mm
    Land, Endemic
    South Island, Otago to Fiordland. Campbell and Auckland Islands
    L.S.E.
Key to Geographical Ranges
NZ Map showing Geographical Ranges
The symbols K.A.C.F.M.An. are used to indicate the geographical range of the species. They have been adopted to give an approximation of the range of each species within New Zealand.
K=
Kermadec Islands
A=
Aupourian - Kaipara Harbour, north around North Cape, encompassing the Three Kings Islands and south to East Cape
C=
Cookian - Lower North Island and the northern part of the South Island
F=
Forsterian - Otago, Fiordland and Stewart Island
M=
Moriorian - Chatham Islands, Pitt Island
An=
Antipodean - Subantarctic Islands of New Zealand
Fw =
Freshwater
L =
Land
N =
North Island
S =
South Island
E =
Endemic
I =
Introduced
R =
Recent
Sf =
Subfossil
Fo =
Fossil