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Species List for Family: Muricidae
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Mollusca (Phylum) > Gastropoda (Class) > Caenogastropoda (Subclass) > Neogastropoda (Order) > Muricoidea (Superfamily) > Muricidae (Family)
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  • Family: Muricidae

  • Babelomurex lischkeanus (Dunker, 1882)
    Height 62mm, Width 41mm
    Marine, On scleractinian corals
    North Island, Outer Hauraki Gulf to Bay of Plenty and New Plymouth. Also Japan, South China Sea, Philippines and Queensland to Victoria, Australia
    KA
  • Babelomurex nakamigawai (Kuroda, 1959)
    Height 35mm, Width 24mm
    Marine
    Cavalli Seamount, ENE of North Cape, 470-480 metres. Also off Japan, South China Sea, Philippines and Australia
    A
  • Babelomurex wormaldi (Powell, 1971)
    Height 22mm, Width 18mm
    Marine
    Northland to Bay of Plenty. Also Kermadec Islands, Philippine Islands and South-West Pacific. Approximately 160-650 metres
    A
  • Coralliophila bulbiformis (Conrad, 1837)
    Height 26mm, Width 19mm
    Marine
    Kermadec Islands. Off Poor Knights Islands, Northland
    KA
  • Coralliophila monodonta (Blainville, 1832)
    Height 30mm
    Marine
    Kermadec Islands
    K
  • Coralliophila radula (A. Adams, 1855)
    Length 28mm, Width 21mm
    Marine
    Kermadec Islands
    K
  • Coralliophila sertata (Hedley, 1903)
    Height 22mm, Width 12mm
    Marine
    Off Three Kings Islands and Northland to East Cape
    KA
  • Coralliophila solutistoma Kuroda & Shikama in Shikama, 1966
    Length 27mm, Width 16mm
    Marine
    Kermadec Islands
    K
  • Coralliophila sp. aff. sertata (Hedley, 1903)
    Height 13.75, Width 8mm
    Marine, Endemic
    Kermadec Islands and northern NZ
    KAE.
  • Coralliophila squamosissima (E.A. Smith, 1876)
    Height 30mm, Width 21mm
    Marine
    South Africa, Indo-West Pacific, Australia, Kermadec Islands and Northland east coast
    KA
  • Emozamia licina (Hedley & Petterd, 1906)
    Height 20mm, Width 14mm
    Marine
    Northland to Bay of Plenty. Also New South Wales to Tasmania, Australia, Japan, Philippines
    A
  • Hirtomurex marshalli Oliverio, 2008
    Length 26mm, Width 15mm
    Marine
    Norfolk Ridge, 276-513 metres. NW of Cape Reinga, Far North, 570-580 metres. Cavalli Seamount, ENE of North Cape, 840-850 metres
    KA
  • Hirtomurex nakamurai Kosuge, 1985
    Height 38mm, Width 23mm
    Marine
    Japan and Australia. Southern Norfolk Ridge, NW of Cape Reinga, Far North, 514-540 metres
    A
  • Hirtomurex tangaroa Marshall & Oliverio, 2009
    Height 26mm, Width 16mm
    Marine, Endemic
    Southern Kermadec Ridge, 698-1140 metres. Off Hokianga, 1029-1074 metres
    KAE.
  • Hirtomurex taranui Marshall & Oliverio, 2009
    Height 32mm, Width 17mm
    Marine, Endemic
    Off Gisborne, 750-913 metres. E of Mercury Island, 990-1100 metres. Southern Kermadec Ridge, 712-924 metres
    AE.
  • Latiaxis pilsbryi Hirase, 1908
    Width 7.7mm, Height 5.2mm
    Marine
    Western Pacific, Kermadec Islands, 366-422 metres
    K
  • Leptoconchus sp.
    Height 22.3mm, Width 19.4mm
    Marine
    Off Raoul Island, Kermadec Islands
    K
  • Magilus sp. cf. antiquus Montfort, 1810
    Height 18.5mm, Width 21mm
    Marine
    Raoul Island, Kermadec Islands, beach
    K
  • Mipus matsumotoi Kosuge, 1985
    Height 26.5mm, Width 11.5mm
    Marine
    Southern Japan, South Africa and tropical W Pacific. Norfolk Ridge and Kermadec Islands, 465-756 metres
    K
  • Rhizochilus sp. cf. antipathum Steenstrup, 1850
    Height 12.7mm, Width 7.9mm
    Marine
    Kermadec Islands
    K
  • Maculotriton serriale (Deshayes, 1833)
    Marine
    Kermadec Islands
    K
  • Pascula palmeri (Powell, 1967)
    Height 22mm, Width 12mm
    Marine
    Kermadec Islands, Northland east coast, down to Bay of Plenty and off East Cape
    KA
  • Oppomorus noduliferus (Menke, 1829)
    Height 22mm, Width 14mm
    Marine
    Northland east coast. Also New South Wales, Lord Howe Island, Norfolk Island, New Caledonia and Kermadec Islands
    KA
  • Uttleya ahiparana (Powell, 1927)
    Height 20mm, Width 8mm
    Marine, Endemic
    Northland. Dredged around 30-40 metres
    AE.
  • Uttleya marwicki Powell, 1952
    Height 20mm, Width 8mm
    Marine, Endemic
    Cook Strait area
    CE.
  • Uttleya williamsi Powell, 1952
    Height 11mm, Width 3.5mm
    Marine, Endemic
    North Island, Bay of Plenty
    AE.
  • Haustrum albomarginatum (Deshayes, 1839)
    Marine, Endemic
    Throughout NZ
    ACFME.
  • Haustrum haustorium (Gmelin, 1791)
    Height 65mm, Width 45mm
    Brown Rock Shell, Dark Rock Shell, Marine, Endemic
    North, South and Chatham Islands
    ACME.
  • Haustrum lacunosum (Bruguière, 1789)
    Height 40mm, Width 25mm
    Marine, Endemic, Lamellose within the grooves
    Cook Strait south, Stewart Island, Auckland and Chatham Islands
    CFMAnE.
  • Haustrum scobina (Quoy & Gaimard, 1833)
    Height 34mm, Width 20mm
    Oyster Borer, Marine, Endemic
    Throughout New Zealand and the Chatham Islands
    ACFME.
  • Chicoreus ramosus (Linnaeus, 1758)
    Marine
    Tropical Indo-Pacific. Occasional records from Tauranga and Takou Bay, Northland
    A
  • Phyllocoma speciosa virginalis (Suter, 1913)
    Height 16mm, Width 7mm
    Marine, Endemic, Dredged or found in shell-sand
    Northland to Bay of Plenty
    AE.
  • Timbellus bilobatus Houart, 2012
    Marine
    Kermadec Islands to New Caledonia
    K
  • Timbellus flemingi (Beu, 1967)
    Height 35mm
    Marine, Endemic
    Trawled off Three Kings Islands, and Northland to Palliser Bay
    ACE.
  • Timbellus richeri (Houart, 1987)
    Length 28mm
    Marine
    North Island, E. of Poor Knights Islands. Also off New Caledonia
    A
  • Favartia garrettii (Pease, 1868)
    Height 15mm
    Marine
    Pacific, Hawaii, Kermadec Islands
    K
  • Murexsul espinosus (Hutton, 1885)
    Height 35mm, Width 17mm
    Marine, Endemic
    Late Pliocene to early Pleistocene, eastern North Island between Hastings and Cape Palliser. Recent from Ranfurly Bank, off East Cape to off Mahia Peninsula
    ACE.
  • Murexsul mariae Finlay, 1930
    Height 29mm, Width 14mm
    Marine, Endemic
    Three Kings Islands, North Island as far south as East Cape
    AE.
  • Murexsul octogonus (Quoy & Gaimard, 1833)
    Height 89mm, Width 48mm
    Octagonal Murex, Marine, Endemic
    Three Kings and North Island down to Kapiti Island and Mahia Peninsula
    ACE.
  • Murexsul profundus (B.A. Marshall & K.W. Burch, 2000)
    Height 10.5mm
    Marine, Endemic
    Off Three Kings Islands, 91-710 metres
    AE.
  • Rolandiella scotti (B.A. Marshall & K.W. Burch, 2000)
    Height 60mm, Width 32mm
    Marine, Endemic
    Three Kings Islands and NE North Island, 13-168 metres, living 8-40 metres
    AE.
  • Axymene aucklandicus (E.A. Smith, 1902)
    Height 13mm, Width 6.5mm
    Marine, Endemic
    Cook Strait to Stewart Island. Snares, Bounty, Campbell and Auckland Islands
    CFAnE.
  • Axymene traversi (Hutton, 1873)
    Height 19mm, Width 9mm
    Marine, Endemic
    North, South, Stewart and Chatham Islands, littoral to shallow subtidal. More common in north
    ACFME.
  • Comptella coronata Dell, 1956
    Height 5.5mm, Width 2.2mm
    Marine, Endemic
    South Island. Off Mernoo Bank to Chatham Islands
    CME.
  • Comptella curta (R. Murdoch, 1905)
    Height 7mm, Width 3mm
    Marine, Endemic
    South Island. Off Taiaroa Head, Otago, to Stewart Island. Snares, Campbell and Auckland Islands
    FAnE.
  • Comptella devia (Suter, 1908)
    Height 7mm, Width 3mm
    Marine, Endemic
    Snares Islands
    AnE.
  • Enixotrophon carduelis (R.B. Watson, 1882)
    Height 40mm, Width 25mm
    Marine
    New South Wales, southern Lord Howe Rise, West Norfolk Ridge, Kermadec Ridge, and off north-eastern North Island, 320-1216 metres
    KAC
  • Enixotrophon eos (B.A. Marshall & Houart, 2011)
    Height 45mm, Width 23mm
    Marine, Endemic
    South-eastern North Island, south-eastern South Island and Chatham Rise, 1100-2130 metres
    CFME.
  • Enixotrophon eumorphus B.A. Marshall & Houart, 2011
    Height 24.6mm
    Marine
    Macquarie Ridge, 460-470 metres
    An
  • Enixotrophon hastulus (B.A. Marshall & Houart, 2011)
    Height 53.4mm
    Marine, Endemic
    Chatham Rise, 1000-1010 metres
    ME.
  • Enixotrophon latus (B.A. Marshall & Houart, 2011)
    Height 55mm, Width 32mm
    Marine
    Eastern Australia, Lord Howe Rise, Kermadec Ridge, Chatham Rise, and off North Island and north-eastern and western South Island, 384-1395 meters
    KACFM
  • Enixotrophon macquariensis (Powell, 1957)
    Height 22mm, Width 10.5mm
    Marine, Endemic
    Macquarie Ridge, 69-810 metres
    AnE.
  • Enixotrophon maxwelli (B.A. Marshall & Houart, 2011)
    Height 53mm, Width 22mm
    Marine, Endemic
    West Norfolk Ridge, W of Cape Reinga, Challenger Plateau, off North and South Islands, Chatham Rise, Bounty Trough, 867-2677 metres
    CFME.
  • Enixotrophon obtusus (B.A. Marshall & Houart, 2011)
    Height 29mm
    Marine
    Fiji, West Norfolk Ridge, Southern Norfolk Ridge, Three Kings Rise, Kermadec Ridge, and off northern and eastern North Island, 741-1385 metres
    KAC
  • Enixotrophon occiduus (B.A. Marshall & Houart, 2011)
    Height 26mm, Width 11mm
    Marine, Endemic
    West Norfolk Ridge, 950-987 metres
    AE.
  • Enixotrophon pygmaeus (B.A. Marshall & Houart, 2011)
    Height 13mm
    Marine
    Lord Howe Rise and Challenger Plateau, 1029-1186 metres
    C
  • Enixotrophon tangaroa (B.A. Marshall & Houart, 2011)
    Height 37mm
    Marine, Endemic
    North-eastern South Island and Chatham Rise, 880-2155 metres
    CME.
  • Enixotrophon venustus (B.A. Marshall & Houart, 2011)
    Height 55mm, Width 21mm
    Marine
    Tasmania, West Norfolk Ridge S of Norfolk Island, Kermadec Ridge, and off northern and eastern North Island, Hikurangi Trench and Chatham Rise, 850-1239 metres
    KACMAn
  • Enixotrophon veronicae (Pastorino, 1999)
    Height 52mm, Width 22mm
    Marine
    Southern Chile, Strait of Magellan, South Georgia, Tasmania and Bollons Plateau, southern New Zealand, 298-1281 metres
    An
  • Lenitrophon convexus (Suter, 1909)
    Height 9mm, Width 4.5mm
    Marine, Endemic
    Southern South Island. Stewart, Snares and Chatham Islands
    FMAnE.
  • Paratrophon cheesemani (Hutton, 1882)
    Height 19mm, Width 11mm
    Marine, Endemic
    North Island west coast, from Ninety Mile Beach to Kawhia
    ACE.
  • Paratrophon cheesemani exsculptus Powell, 1933
    Height 20mm, Width 12mm
    Marine, Endemic
    West Coast North and South Islands from Port Waikato to Jackson Bay, south of Haast
    CFE.
  • Paratrophon patens (Hombron & Jacquinot, 1854)
    Height 24mm, Width 15mm
    Marine, Endemic, Lamellose within the grooves
    South Island and Stewart Island. On exposed rocky shores
    CFE.
  • Paratrophon quoyi (Reeve, 1846)
    Height 35mm, Width 18mm
    Marine, Endemic
    North Island. From low tide, often around Corallina seaweed
    ACE.
  • Poirieria kopua Dell, 1956
    Height 21mm, Width 15mm
    Marine, Endemic
    Off Bay of Plenty southwards and Chatham Rise. Trawled around 500-1000 metres
    CFME.
  • Poirieria syrinx B.A. Marshall & Houart, 1995
    Height 26mm, Width 24mm
    Marine, Endemic
    Northland to Bay of Plenty, and Cook Strait, 482-786 metres on mud
    ACE.
  • Poirieria zelandica (Quoy & Gaimard, 1833)
    Height 79mm, Width 86mm
    Spiny Murex, Marine, Endemic
    Three Kings Islands to Stewart Island, Challenger Plateau and Chatham Islands, 0-540 metres
    ACFME.
  • Terefundus anomalus Dell, 1956
    Height 3.6mm, Width 2.1mm
    Marine, Endemic
    South Island. Off Eastern Otago and Chatham Islands
    FME.
  • Terefundus axirugosus Dell, 1956
    Height 5mm, Width 2.7mm
    Marine, Endemic
    South Island. Off eastern Otago and Chatham Islands
    FME.
  • Terefundus crispulatus (Suter, 1908)
    Height 4mm, Width 1.9mm
    Marine, Endemic
    Lower South Island. Stewart Chathams and Snares Islands
    FMAnE.
  • Terefundus cuvierensis (Mestayer, 1919)
    Height 4.5mm, Width 2mm
    Marine, Endemic
    Northland to Bay of Plenty, trawled
    AE.
  • Terefundus quadricinctus (Suter, 1908)
    Height 4.4mm, Width 2.1mm
    Marine, Recent, Fossil, Endemic
    South Island, from Otago south, and Snares Islands
    FAnR.Fo.E.
  • Terefundus quadricinctus unicarinatus Dell, 1956
    Height 4.3mm, Width 2.3mm
    Marine, Endemic
    Off Chatham Islands
    ME.
  • Trophonella longstaffi (E.A.Smith, 1907)
    Height 35mm
    Marine
    Antarctica
    An
  • Xymene huttonii (Murdoch, 1900)
    Height 16mm, Width 7mm
    Marine, Endemic
    North, South and Stewart Island
    ACFE.
  • Xymene plebeius (Hutton, 1873)
    Height 22mm, Width 11mm
    Marine, Endemic, In harbours and estuaries
    North, South and Stewart Island
    ACFE.
  • Xymene pumilus (Suter, 1909)
    Height 22mm, Width 11mm
    Marine, Endemic
    From Cape Campbell to Stewart Island, and Auckland Islands. Sublittoral to about 550 metres
    CFAnE.
  • Xymene teres (Finlay, 1930)
    Height 6mm, Width 3.3mm
    Marine, Endemic
    South Island, off Taiaroa Head, Otago, 90 metres
    FE.
  • Xymene warreni Ponder, 1972
    Height 20mm, Width 11mm
    Marine, Endemic
    South Island West Coast
    CE.
  • Xymenella pusilla (Suter, 1907)
    Height 10mm, 5mm
    Marine, Endemic
    North Island and east coast of South Island to Stewart Island
    ACFE.
  • Zeatrophon ambiguus (Philippi, 1844)
    Height 64mm, Width 38mm
    Marine, Endemic
    North, South, Stewart and Chatham Islands. From low tide to about 50 fathoms
    ACFME.
  • Zeatrophon mortenseni (Odhner, 1924)
    Height 15mm, Width 6.5mm
    Marine, Endemic
    Off Auckland Islands, intertidal to about 10 metres
    AnE.
  • Zeatrophon mortenseni caudatinus (Finlay, 1930)
    Height 23mm, Width 10mm
    Marine, Endemic
    Northland to Stewart Island and Chatham Islands. From 20-200 metres
    ACFME.
  • Zeatrophon pulcherrimus Finlay, 1930
    Height 18mm, Width 7mm
    Marine, Endemic
    North, South, Stewart and Chatham Islands. From 15-600 metres
    ACFME.
  • Agnewia tritoniformis (Blainville, 1832)
    Height 29mm, Width 16mm
    Marine
    Northland to Bay of Plenty. Also Australia, Queensland to SA and Tasmania
    A
  • Dicathais orbita (Gmelin, 1791)
    Height 110mm, Width 70mm
    White Rock Shell, Cart Rut Shell, Marine
    Northland to northern South Island and Chatham Islands. Also Australia and Lord Howe Island
    KACM
  • Neothais smithi (Brazier, 1889)
    Height 34mm, Width 22mm
    Marine
    Northland east coast to Mayor Island, Bay of Plenty. Also Lord Howe, Norfolk and Kermadec Islands
    KA
  • Rapana venosa (Valenciennes, 1846)
    Height 118mm, Width 85mm
    Marine, Not found living in NZ waters
    In cray pots off Cape Maria van Diemen
    A
  • Ponderia zealandica Hutton, 1873
    Height 30mm, Width 21mm
    Marine, Recent, Fossil, Endemic
    Cook Strait and off Cape Campbell, Bay of Plenty to East Cape. Castlecliff, Wanganui fossil
    CR.Fo.E.
  • Prototyphis eos (Hutton, 1873)
    Height 30mm, Width 16mm
    Dawn Murex, Marine, Endemic
    Northland east coast to Bay of Plenty and East Cape
    AE.
  • Prototyphis eos paupereques (Powell, 1974)
    Height 30mm, Width 19mm
    Marine, Endemic
    Off northland east coast
    AE.
  • Litozamia subtropicalis (Iredale, 1912)
    Height 3mm
    Marine, Endemic
    Kermadec Islands
    KE.
  • Minortrophon crassiliratus (Suter, 1908)
    Height 3mm, Width 1.5mm
    Marine, Endemic
    South Island. Off Taiaroa Head, Otago, to Stewart Island. Off Snares and Chatham Islands
    FMAnE.
  • Trophon albolabratus E.A. Smith, 1875
    Height 38mm, Width 22mm
    Marine, Endemic
    Bounty Plateau, also Kerguelen and Macquarie Islands below low tide
    AnE.
  • Trophon mawsoni Powell, 1957
    Height 46mm, Width 28mm
    Marine, Endemic
    Off Macquarie Island, 29-549 metres
    AnE.
  • Monstrotyphis montfortii (A. Adams, 1863)
    Height 9.1mm
    Marine
    Northern Japan, Philippine Islands, Natal and Transkei, South Africa, and northern New Zealand, living at 50-200 metres
    A
  • Monstrotyphis pauperis (Mestayer, 1916)
    Height 10mm, Width 6mm
    Marine, Endemic
    Northland to Bay of Plenty
    AE.
  • Monstrotyphis tangaroa B.A. Marshall & Houart, 2012
    Height 7.9mm
    Marine, Endemic
    Northern New Zealand, 63-622 metres
    AE.
  • Siphonochelus solus Vella, 1961
    Height 8mm, Width 4mm
    Marine, Endemic
    Western and north-eastern North Island and north-western South Island, 178-1029 metres
    ACE.
Key to Geographical Ranges
NZ Map showing Geographical Ranges
The symbols K.A.C.F.M.An. are used to indicate the geographical range of the species. They have been adopted to give an approximation of the range of each species within New Zealand.
K=
Kermadec Islands
A=
Aupourian - Kaipara Harbour, north around North Cape, encompassing the Three Kings Islands and south to East Cape
C=
Cookian - Lower North Island and the northern part of the South Island
F=
Forsterian - Otago, Fiordland and Stewart Island
M=
Moriorian - Chatham Islands, Pitt Island
An=
Antipodean - Subantarctic Islands of New Zealand
Fw =
Freshwater
L =
Land
N =
North Island
S =
South Island
E =
Endemic
I =
Introduced
R =
Recent
Sf =
Subfossil
Fo =
Fossil