Brook, F.J., Marshall, B.A. 1998 The coastal molluscan fauna of the northern Kermadec Islands, southwest Pacific Ocean, Journal of the Royal Society of New Zealand, 28 (p.214)
Ridgway, S.A., Reid, D.G., Taylor, J.D., Branch, G.M., Hodgson, A.N. 1998 A cladistic phylogeny of the family Patellidae (Mollusca: Gastropoda), Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, 353 (p.1648)
Fleming, C.A. 1973 Kermadec Island giant limpet occurring fossil in New Zealand, and relict distribution in the tropics, New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research, 7(1) (p.160)
Oliver, W.R.B. 1914 The Mollusca of the Kermadec Islands, Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute, 47 (p.510)
Key to Geographical Ranges
The symbols K.A.C.F.M.An. are used to indicate the geographical range of the species.
They have been adopted to give an approximation of the range of each species within New Zealand.
Aupourian - Kaipara Harbour, north around North Cape, encompassing the Three Kings Islands and south to East Cape
Cookian - Lower North Island and the northern part of the South Island