Circumglobal in subtropical to cold temperate waters. Recorded from about 50 to 450 metres
References and Publications
O'Shea, S., Jackson, G.D., Bolstad, K.S. 2007 The nomenclatural status, ontogeny and morphology of Pholidoteuthis massyae (Pfeffer, 1912) new comb (Cephalopoda: Pholidoteuthidae), Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries, 17 (p.427)
Clarke, M.R., MacLeod, N. 1982 Cephalopod remains from the stomachs of sperm whales caught in the Tasman Sea, Memoirs of the National Museum of Victoria, Melbourne, 43 (p.34)
Key to Geographical Ranges
The symbols K.A.C.F.M.An. are used to indicate the geographical range of the species.
They have been adopted to give an approximation of the range of each species within New Zealand.
Aupourian - Kaipara Harbour, north around North Cape, encompassing the Three Kings Islands and south to East Cape
Cookian - Lower North Island and the northern part of the South Island