Goulstone, J.F., Mayhill, P.C., Parrish, G.R. 1993 An Illustrated Guide to the Land Mollusca of the Te Paki ecological region, Northland, New Zealand, New Zealand Journal of Zoology, 34 (p.10)
Climo, F.M. 1981 Classification of the New Zealand Arionacea (Mollusca: Pulmonata) VIII: Notes on some haropid species with descriptions of new taxa (Charopidae), National Museum of New Zealand Records, 2(3) (p.14)
Powell, A.W.B. 1979New Zealand Mollusca: Marine, Land and Freshwater Shells, Collins, Auckland (p.305)
Climo, F.M. 1978 Classification of the New Zealand Arionacea (Mollusca: Pulmonata): A review of the New Zealand Charopine snails with lamellate apertures, National Museum of New Zealand Records, 1(11) (p.185)
Key to Geographical Ranges
The symbols K.A.C.F.M.An. are used to indicate the geographical range of the species.
They have been adopted to give an approximation of the range of each species within New Zealand.
Aupourian - Kaipara Harbour, north around North Cape, encompassing the Three Kings Islands and south to East Cape
Cookian - Lower North Island and the northern part of the South Island