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Species List for Subfamily: Cantharidinae
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Mollusca (Phylum) > Gastropoda (Class) > Vetigastropoda (Subclass) > Trochida (Order) > Trochoidea (Superfamily) > Trochidae (Family) > Cantharidinae (Subfamily)
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  • Subfamily: Cantharidinae

  • Cantharidus antipodum (Hombron & Jacquinot, 1854)
    Width 12mm, Height 10mm
    Marine, Endemic
    South Island, Otago to Stewart Island, Snares, Campbell, Auckland and Antipodes Islands. Under kelp holdfasts
    FAnE.
  • Cantharidus capillaceus (Philippi, 1848)
    Height 28mm, Width 20mm
    Marine
    Auckland, Campbell and Antipodes Islands
    An
  • Cantharidus dilatatus (G.B. Sowerby II, 1870)
    Height 8mm, Width 8mm
    Marine, Endemic
    North, South, Stewart and Chatham Islands. On kelp at low tide to about 5 metres
    ACFME.
  • Cantharidus festivus (B.A. Marshall, 1998)
    Height 6.2mm
    Marine, Endemic
    Off Three Kings Islands and off Cape Reinga, Far North, 13-88 metres
    AE.
  • Cantharidus fulminatus (Hutton, 1873)
    Width 8mm, Height 8mm
    Marine, Endemic
    Chatham Islands, intertidal to shallow water
    ME.
  • Cantharidus opalus (Martyn, 1784)
    Height 50mm, Width 38mm
    Opal Top Shell, Marine, Endemic
    North, South, Stewart and Chatham Islands. Littoral to moderate depths
    ACFME.
  • Cantharidus puysegurensis (Powell, 1939)
    Height 5.0mm, Width 5.5mm
    Marine, Endemic, Distinct flattened base and wide umbilicus
    South Island
    CFE.
  • Cantharidus turneri (Powell, 1939)
    Width 9mm, Height 8mm
    Marine, Endemic
    Southland, Stewart Island, Snares, Auckland and Campbell Islands. On seaweed covered rocks
    FAnE.
  • Micrelenchus burchorum B.A. Marshall, 1998
    Height 26mm, Width 16mm
    Marine, Endemic
    Off Three Kings Islands, 5-33 metres on algae. Middlesex Bank and King Bank, 7-805 metres
    AE.
  • Micrelenchus huttonii (E.A. Smith, 1876)
    Height 11.5mm
    Marine, Endemic
    Bay of Islands south, and Stewart Island. 0-7 metres, Inhabits sheltered waters, especially Zostera, sea-grass, on tidal flats and sheltered rock pools
    ACFE.
  • Micrelenchus purpureus (Gmelin, 1791)
    Height 35mm, Width 21mm
    Marine, Endemic
    North and South Island. On seaweed at low tide to about 120 metres
    ACE.
  • Micrelenchus sanguineus (Gray in Dieffenbach, 1843)
    Height 8mm, Width 7mm
    Marine, Endemic
    North, South and Stewart Island
    ACFE.
  • Micrelenchus tenebrosus A. Adams, 1853
    Height 11mm, Width 10mm
    Marine, Endemic, Coastal, open water on seaweed and under kelp holdfasts
    Southern North Island, South and Stewart Island. Under stones in coastal regions
    ACFE.
  • Micrelenchus tesselatus (A. Adams, 1851)
    Height 9mm, Width 8mm
    Marine, Endemic
    North, South, Stewart and Chatham Islands
    ACFE.
  • Roseaplagis artizona A. Adams, 1853
    Width 6mm, Height 8mm
    Marine, Endemic
    Southern North Island to Stewart Island
    CFE.
  • Roseaplagis caelatus Hutton, 1884
    Height 6.0mm, Width 5.0mm
    Marine, Endemic
    Otago to Stewart Island, Snares Islands
    FE.
  • Roseaplagis mortenseni (Odhner, 1924)
    Width 6mm, Height 7mm
    Marine, Endemic
    South Island. From Otago south to Stewart Island. Chatham, Auckland, Campbell, Antipodes and Bounty Islands. In beach drift. Living at 10-244 metres
    CFMAnE.
  • Roseaplagis rufozona A. Adams, 1853
    Height 8mm, Width 7mm
    Marine, Endemic
    North Island to Cook Strait. In shell sand
    ACE.
Key to Geographical Ranges
NZ Map showing Geographical Ranges
The symbols K.A.C.F.M.An. are used to indicate the geographical range of the species. They have been adopted to give an approximation of the range of each species within New Zealand.
K=
Kermadec Islands
A=
Aupourian - Kaipara Harbour, north around North Cape, encompassing the Three Kings Islands and south to East Cape
C=
Cookian - Lower North Island and the northern part of the South Island
F=
Forsterian - Otago, Fiordland and Stewart Island
M=
Moriorian - Chatham Islands, Pitt Island
An=
Antipodean - Subantarctic Islands of New Zealand
Fw =
Freshwater
L =
Land
N =
North Island
S =
South Island
E =
Endemic
I =
Introduced
R =
Recent
Sf =
Subfossil
Fo =
Fossil