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Species List for Subfamily: Cantharidinae
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Mollusca (Phylum) > Gastropoda (Class) > Vetigastropoda (Subclass) > Trochida (Order) > Trochoidea (Superfamily) > Trochidae (Family) > Cantharidinae (Subfamily)
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  • Subfamily: Cantharidinae

  • Cantharidus antipodum (Hombron & Jacquinot, 1854)
    Width 12mm, Height 10mm, Marine, Endemic
    South Island, Otago to Stewart Island, Snares, Campbell, Auckland and Antipodes Islands. Under kelp holdfasts FAnE.
  • Cantharidus capillaceus (Philippi, 1848)
    Height 28mm, Width 20mm, Marine
    Auckland, Campbell and Antipodes Islands An
  • Cantharidus dilatatus (G.B. Sowerby II, 1870)
    Height 8mm, Width 8mm, Marine, Endemic
    North, South, Stewart and Chatham Islands. On kelp at low tide to about 5 metres ACFME.
  • Cantharidus festivus (B.A. Marshall, 1998)
    Height 6.2mm, Marine, Endemic
    Off Three Kings Islands and off Cape Reinga, Far North, 13-88 metres AE.
  • Cantharidus fulminatus (Hutton, 1873)
    Width 8mm, Height 8mm, Marine, Endemic
    Chatham Islands, intertidal to shallow water ME.
  • Cantharidus opalus (Martyn, 1784)
    Height 50mm, Width 38mm, Opal Top Shell, Marine, Endemic
    North, South, Stewart and Chatham Islands. Littoral to moderate depths ACFME.
  • Cantharidus puysegurensis (Powell, 1939)
    Height 5.0mm, Width 5.5mm, Marine, Endemic, Distinct flattened base and wide umbilicus
    South Island CFE.
  • Cantharidus turneri (Powell, 1939)
    Width 9mm, Height 8mm, Marine, Endemic
    Stewart Island. On seaweed covered rocks FE.
  • Micrelenchus burchorum B.A. Marshall, 1998
    Height 26mm, Width 16mm, Marine, Endemic
    Off Three Kings Islands, 5-33 metres on algae. Middlesex Bank and King Bank, 7-805 metres AE.
  • Micrelenchus huttonii (E.A. Smith, 1876)
    Height 11.5mm, Marine, Endemic
    Bay of Islands south, and Stewart Island. 0-7 metres, Inhabits sheltered waters, especially Zostera, sea-grass, on tidal flats and sheltered rock pools ACFE.
  • Micrelenchus purpureus (Gmelin, 1791)
    Height 35mm, Width 21mm, Marine, Endemic
    North and South Island. On seaweed at low tide to about 120 metres ACE.
  • Micrelenchus sanguineus (Gray in Dieffenbach, 1843)
    Height 8mm, Width 7mm, Marine, Endemic
    North, South and Stewart Island ACFE.
  • Micrelenchus tenebrosus A. Adams, 1853
    Height 11mm, Width 10mm, Marine, Endemic, Coastal, open water on seaweed and under kelp holdfasts
    Southern North Island, South and Stewart Island. Under stones in coastal regions ACFE.
  • Micrelenchus tesselatus (A. Adams, 1851)
    Height 9mm, Width 8mm, Marine, Endemic
    North, South, Stewart and Chatham Islands ACFE.
  • Roseaplagis artizona A. Adams, 1853
    Width 6mm, Height 8mm, Marine, Endemic
    Southern North Island to Stewart Island CFE.
  • Roseaplagis caelatus Hutton, 1884
    Height 6.0mm, Width 5.0mm, Marine, Endemic
    Otago to Stewart Island, Snares Islands FE.
  • Roseaplagis mortenseni (Odhner, 1924)
    Width 6mm, Height 7mm, Marine, Endemic
    South Island. From Otago south to Stewart Island. Chatham, Auckland, Campbell, Antipodes and Bounty Islands. In beach drift. Living at 10-244 metres CFMAnE.
  • Roseaplagis rufozona A. Adams, 1853
    Height 8mm, Width 7mm, Marine, Endemic
    North Island to Cook Strait. In shell sand ACE.
Key to Geographical Ranges
NZ Map showing Geographical Ranges
The symbols K.A.C.F.M.An. are used to indicate the geographical range of the species. They have been adopted to give an approximation of the range of each species within New Zealand.
Kermadec Islands
Aupourian - Kaipara Harbour, north around North Cape, encompassing the Three Kings Islands and south to East Cape
Cookian - Lower North Island and the northern part of the South Island
Forsterian - Otago, Fiordland and Stewart Island
Moriorian - Chatham Islands, Pitt Island
Antipodean - Subantarctic Islands of New Zealand
Fw =
L =
N =
North Island
S =
South Island
E =
I =
R =
Sf =
Fo =