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Key to Geographical Ranges
The symbols K.A.C.F.M.An. are used to indicate the geographical range of the species. They have been adopted to give an approxomation of the range of each species within New Zealand.
Kermadec Islands
Aupourian - Kaipara Harbour, north around North Cape, encompassing the Three Kings Islands and south to East Cape
Cookian - Lower North Island and the northern part of the South Island
Forsterian - Otago, Fiordland and Stewart Island
Moriorian - Chatham Islands, Pitt Island
Antipodean - Subantarctic Islands of New Zealand
Fw =
L =
N =
North Island
S =
South Island
E =
I =
R =
Sf =
Fo =
Mollusca (Phylum) > Gastropoda (Class) > Caenogastropoda (Subclass) > Neogastropoda (Order) > Conoidea (Superfamily) > Mangeliidae (Family) > Propebela (Genus)
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Genus: Propebelamap >
Height 5mm, Width 2.4mm, Marine, Endemic
Off North, South and Chatham Islands ACFME.
Propebela fenestratus Powell, 1942
Height 5.4mm, Width 2.3mm, Marine, Endemic
Off Northland east coast to East Cape area AE.
Height 6mm, Width 3mm, Marine, Endemic
Off eastern Otago, trawled 475-640 metres. Also off Chatham Islands and Cook Strait CFME.
Propebela infanda (Webster, 1906)
Height 6mm, Width 3mm, Marine, Endemic
Off Great Barrier Island AE.
Height 8mm, Width 3.7mm, Marine, Endemic
Off Chatham Rise, 530-600 metres CME.
Propebela munda (Suter, 1909)
Height 7.5mm, Width 3.2mm, Marine, Endemic
North Island, off Flat Point, 195 metres CE.
Propebela murrhea (Webster, 1906)
Height 5mm, Width 3mm, Marine, Endemic
Off Northland east coast to Cook Strait AE.
Propebela otagoensis Powell, 1942
Height 6mm, Width 3mm, Marine, Endemic
Cook Strait to Otago and off Chatham Islands CFME.
Propebela pedica Powell, 1942
Height 5.7mm, Width 2.3mm, Marine, Endemic
Off Otago Heads, and Snares Islands FAnE.
Height 9mm, Width 3.8mm, Marine, Endemic
Off east coast North and South Islands, and Chatham Rise ACFME.
Propebela rossiana Powell, 1942
Height 4.3mm, Width 1.8mm, Marine, Endemic
North of Auckland Islands AnE.
Propebela subtruncata Powell, 1942
Height 6.8mm, Width 3.2mm, Marine, Endemic
Trawled off west coast South Island, from Cook Strait to Otago CFE.
Propebela ula (Watson, 1881)
Height 6mm, Width 3mm, Marine, Endemic
North Island, East Cape to Otago, South Island CFE.