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Key to Geographical Ranges
The symbols K.A.C.F.M.An. are used to indicate the geographical range of the species. They have been adopted to give an approxomation of the range of each species within New Zealand.
K=
Kermadec Islands
A=
Aupourian - Kaipara Harbour, north around North Cape, encompassing the Three Kings Islands and south to East Cape
C=
Cookian - Lower North Island and the northern part of the South Island
F=
Forsterian - Otago, Fiordland and Stewart Island
M=
Moriorian - Chatham Islands, Pitt Island
An=
Antipodean - Subantarctic Islands of New Zealand
FW =
Freshwater
L =
Land
N =
North Island
S =
South Island
E =
Endemic
I =
Introduced

Spondylus proneri Lamprell & Healy, 2001

Classification:Bivalvia - Autobranchia - Pectinida
Family:SPONDYLIDAE
Size/Grows to:Height 27mm
Distribution:Middleton Reef, Lord Howe Island, Norfolk Island and Macauley Island, Kermadec Islands. Also Coral Sea, New Caledonia, Loyalty Ridge and Vanuatu. 210-960 metres
Geographical Range:K.
References and Publications:
  • Dijkstra, H., Marshall, B.A. 2008: The Recent Pectinoidea of the New Zealand region (Mollusca: Bivalvia: Propeamussiidae, Pectinidae and Spondylidae), Molluscan Research, 28 (p.77)