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Species List for Family: Buccinidae
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Mollusca (Phylum) > Gastropoda (Class) > Caenogastropoda (Subclass) > Neogastropoda (Order) > Buccinoidea (Superfamily) > Buccinidae (Family)
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  • Family: Buccinidae

  • Aeneator attenuatus Powell, 1927
    Height 65mm, Width 25mm, Marine, Endemic, Sculpture of fine spiral cords. Lirate within aperture
    North Island, off Ahipara, Ninety Mile Beach AE.
  • Aeneator benthicolus Dell, 1963
    Height 60mm, Width 30mm, Marine, Endemic
    North Island, Northland to Bay of Plenty in deep water to about 300 fathoms AE.
  • Aeneator comptus (Finlay, 1924)
    Height 60mm, Width 24mm, Marine, Endemic, Sculpture of strong vertical axial folds
    North Island. Bay of Plenty to Mahia, and northern South Island ACE.
  • Aeneator elegans (Suter, 1917)
    Height 41mm, Width 18mm, Marine, Endemic, Strongly ribbed and shouldered species, compared to A. valedicta
    Central and southern New Zealand CFE.
  • Aeneator galatheae Powell, 1958
    Height 40mm, Width 15mm, Marine, Endemic
    Fiordland, South Island FE.
  • Aeneator marshalli separabilis Dell, 1956
    Height 45mm, Width 21mm, Marine, Endemic, Axial ribs on shoulders
    North Island, Bay of Plenty AE.
  • Aeneator otagoensis Finlay, 1930
    Height 93mm, Width 43mm, Marine, Endemic
    East Cape to Otago Heads CFE.
  • Aeneator recens (Dell, 1951)
    Height 61mm, Width 31mm, Marine, Endemic
    South Island, off Eastern Otago and Chatham Rise CFME.
  • Aeneator valedictus (R.B. Watson, 1886)
    Height 50mm, Width 22mm, Marine, Endemic, Has axial sculpture only as nodules around the shoulder angle
    South Island and Chatham Islands CFME.
  • Antarctodomus powelli Dell, 1995
    Length 34mm, Width 20mm, Marine, Endemic
    Northern Mernoo Slope 1568 metres. Bounty Trough 1386 metres CFE.
  • Antarctoneptunea aurora (Hedley, 1916)
    Ross Sea, Antarctica An
  • Antarctoneptunea benthicola Dell, 1956
    Height 100mm, Width 40mm, Marine, Endemic
    Deep water off North,South, Stewart Island and Chatham Rise ACFMAnE.
  • Austrofusus chathamensis (Finlay, 1928)
    Height 60mm, Width 33mm, Marine, Endemic
    Chatham Islands. Off Cook Strait, Wellington CME.
  • Austrofusus glans (Röding, 1798)
    Height 88mm, Width 41mm, Knobbed Whelk, Marine, Endemic
    Throughout New Zealand, including Stewart Island ACFE.
  • Buccinulum colensoi (Suter, 1908)
    Height 22mm, Width 11mm, Marine, Endemic
    North Island. East Cape to Wairarapa CE.
  • Buccinulum flexicostatum Dell, 1956
    Height 25mm, Width 12mm, Marine, Endemic
    South Island, off eastern Otago. Chatham Islands FME.
  • Buccinulum fuscozonatum (Suter, 1908)
    Height 33mm, Width 16mm, Marine, Endemic
    North Island east coast ACE.
  • Buccinulum linea (Martyn, 1784)
    Height 49mm, Width 23mm, Lined Whelk, Marine, Endemic
    North, South and Chatham Islands. Under rocks from low tide ACFME.
  • Buccinulum littorinoides (Reeve, 1846)
    Height 40mm, Marine, Endemic
    Lower North Island, and South Island CFE.
  • Buccinulum mariae Powell, 1940
    Height 20mm, Width 11mm, Marine, Endemic
    Northland east coast to Bay of Plenty and East Cape AE.
  • Buccinulum pallidum Finlay, 1928
    Height 45mm, Width 21mm, Marine, Endemic
    Southern North Island from Mahia to Stewart Island, Chatham Islands CFME.
  • Buccinulum pallidum powelli Ponder, 1971
    Height 40mm, Width 18mm, Lined Whelk, Marine, Endemic
    Northland to East Cape AE.
  • Buccinulum pertinax (Martens, 1878)
    Height 45mm, Width 21mm, Marine, Endemic
    Southern half of South Island, Stewart, Chatham, Snares, Antipodes, Auckland and Campbell Islands FMAnE.
  • Buccinulum pertinax finlayi Powell, 1929
    Height 37mm, Width 17mm, Marine, Endemic
    Off Taiaroa Head, Otago, and Banks Peninsula CFE.
  • Buccinulum robustum Powell, 1929
    Height 21mm, Width 9mm, Marine, Endemic
    Nortland to East Cape AE.
  • Buccinulum vittatum (Quoy & Gaimard, 1833)
    Height 26mm, Width 12mm, Marine, Endemic
    Upper North Island. Northland to New Plymouth and East Cape ACE.
  • Buccinulum vittatum bicinctum (Hutton, 1873)
    Height 33mm, Width 15mm, Marine, Endemic
    Chatham Islands ME.
  • Calagrassor aldermenensis (Powell, 1971)
    Height 16mm, Width 7mm, Marine
    North Island. East of the Aldermen Islands, Bay of Plenty to East Cape. On waterlogged wood around 400-500 metres. Also Philippines and the SW Indian Ocean A
  • Cominella accuminata Hutton, 1893
    Height 20mm, Width 9mm, Marine, Endemic
    Northland west coast AE.
  • Cominella adspersa (Bruguière, 1789)
    Length 65mm, Width 40mm, Whelk, Marine, Endemic
    North Island, northern part of South Island and Chatham Islands ACME.
  • Cominella alertae (Dell, 1956)
    Height 27mm, Width 12mm, Marine
    Off Chatham Islands to Chatham Rise CM
  • Cominella elegantula (Finlay, 1926)
    Height 28mm, Width 13mm, Marine, Recent, Fossil, Endemic, Pronounced shoulder sulcus and thin axial ribbing
    Cook Strait to Cape Campbell CR.Fo.E.
  • Cominella glandiformis (Reeve, 1847)
    Height 24mm, Width 13mm, Mud Whelk, Marine, Endemic
    North, South, Stewart and Chatham Islands ACFME.
  • Cominella griseicalx Willan, 1978
    Height 23mm, Width 12mm, Marine, Endemic
    Off Three Kings Islands, Northern AE.
  • Cominella maculosa (Martyn, 1784)
    Length 45mm, Width 23mm, Spotted Whelk, Marine, Endemic
    North Island, northern part of South Island and Chatham Islands ACME.
  • Cominella mirabilis Powell, 1929
    Height 18mm, Width 8mm, Marine, Endemic
    Off Three Kings Islands AE.
  • Cominella mirabilis canturiensis (Dell, 1951)
    Height 30mm, Width 14mm, Marine, Endemic
    South Island. Chatham Rise and off Banks Peninsula CME.
  • Cominella mirabilis powelli (Fleming, 1948)
    Height 15mm, Width 8mm, Marine, Endemic, Large protoconch
    Off South Island, West Coast, Fiordland, Otago and Chatham Rise CFME.
  • Cominella nassoides (Reeve, 1846)
    Height 50mm, Width 25mm, Marine, Endemic
    Stewart Island and Foveaux Strait FE.
  • Cominella nassoides consobrina Powell, 1933
    Height 60mm, Width 28mm, Marine, Endemic
    Chatham Islands, probably sub-recent ME.
  • Cominella nassoides haroldi Powell, 1946
    Height 35mm, Width 18mm, Marine, Endemic
    Fiordland, about 20-70 metres FE.
  • Cominella nassoides iredalei (Finlay, 1928)
    Height 55mm, Width 33mm, Marine, Endemic
    Chatham Island ME.
  • Cominella nassoides nodicincta (Martens, 1878)
    Height 56mm, Width 28mm, Marine, Endemic
    Auckland and Campbell Islands, 70-80 metres AnE.
  • Cominella nassoides otakauica Powell, 1946
    Height 75mm, Width 37mm, Marine, Endemic
    Off Taiaroa Head, Otago, to Cook Strait FE.
  • Cominella necopinata (Finlay, 1930)
    Height 22mm, Width 11mm, Marine, Endemic
    Northern North Island AE.
  • Cominella olsoni (Dell, 1956)
    Height 56mm, Width 28mm, Marine, Endemic
    South Island. Mernoo Bank, Chatham Rise to Banks Peninsula. Off Puysegur Point, Fiordland CE.
  • Cominella otagoensis (Finlay, 1927)
    Height 20mm, Width 10mm, Marine, Endemic
    Off Taiaroa Head, Otago, to Foveaux Strait and Stewart Island FE.
  • Cominella quoyana A. Adams, 1854
    Height 24mm, Width 10mm, Marine, Endemic
    Northern part of North Island to Mahia ACE.
  • Cominella regalis Willan, 1978
    Height 21mm, Width 12mm, Marine, Endemic
    Off Three Kings Islands in 20-50 metres AE.
  • Cominella tolagaensis Ponder, 1968
    Height 31mm, Width 20mm, Marine, Endemic
    North Island east coast. East Cape to Mahia, below low tide CE.
  • Cominella virgata H. & A. Adams, 1853
    Height 40mm, Width 19mm, Marine, Endemic
    North Island and upper South Island ACE.
  • Euthrenopsis bountyensis Powell, 1929
    Height 9mm, Width 4mm, Marine, Endemic
    Off Bounty Islands, 90 metres AnE.
  • Euthrenopsis otagoensis Powell, 1929
    Height 12mm, Width 5mm, Marine, Endemic
    South Island. Kaikoura to Foveaux Strait CFE.
  • Euthrenopsis venusta Powell, 1929
    Height 15mm, Width 6mm, Marine, Endemic
    South Island, off Oamaru FE.
  • Pareuthria fuscata (Bruguière, 1789)
    Height 33mm, Width 18mm, Marine, Endemic
    Campbell and Antipodes Islands, in low tidal pools AnE.
  • Penion chathamensis (Powell, 1938)
    Height 244mm, Width 106mm, Marine, Endemic
    Chatham Rise to Chatham Islands, trawled around 400-450 metres FME.
  • Penion cuvierianus (Powell, 1927)
    Height 220mm, Width 85mm, Marine, Endemic
    North Island to Cook Strait and Tasman Bay ACE.
  • Penion cuvierianus jeakingsi (Powell, 1947)
    Height 150mm, Width 65mm, Marine, Endemic
    Cook Strait to Tasman Bay CE.
  • Penion lineatus Marshall, Hills & Vaux, 2018
    King Bank, Middlesex Bank, Three Kings Islands and northwest of Cape Reinga A
  • Penion ormesi (Powell, 1927)
    Height 200mm, Width 75mm, Marine, Endemic, Slender with tall spire
    From Northland down to Cape Campbell and Cook Strait ACE.
  • Penion sulcatus (Lamarck, 1816)
    Height 160mm, Width 65mm, Siphon Whelk, Marine, Endemic
    North and South Islands, intertidal to about 50 fathoms ACE.
  • Prosipho tomlini Powell, 1957
    Height 13mm, Width 7mm, Marine, Endemic
    Macquarie Island 69 metres AnE.
  • Sagenotriton ajax Marshall & Walton, 2018
    Length 64mm, Marine
    From the West Norfolk Ridge, Kermadec Ridge, northwestern Chatham Rise and south of Puysegur Point, 823-1568 metres AC
Key to Geographical Ranges
NZ Map showing Geographical Ranges
The symbols K.A.C.F.M.An. are used to indicate the geographical range of the species. They have been adopted to give an approximation of the range of each species within New Zealand.
Kermadec Islands
Aupourian - Kaipara Harbour, north around North Cape, encompassing the Three Kings Islands and south to East Cape
Cookian - Lower North Island and the northern part of the South Island
Forsterian - Otago, Fiordland and Stewart Island
Moriorian - Chatham Islands, Pitt Island
Antipodean - Subantarctic Islands of New Zealand
Fw =
L =
N =
North Island
S =
South Island
E =
I =
R =
Sf =
Fo =