Reid, D.G. 2007 The genus Echinolittorina Habe, 1956 (Gastropoda: Littorinidae) in the Indo-West Pacific Ocean, Zootaxa, 1420 (p.107)
Williams, S.T., Reid, D.G., Littlewood, D.T.J. 2003 A molecular phylogeny of the Littorininae (Gastropoda: Littorinidae): Unequal evolutionary rates, morphological parallelism, and biogeography of the Southern Ocean, Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 28 (p.83)
Reid, D.G. 2002 Morphological review and phylogenetic analysis of Nodilittorina (Gastropoda: Littorinidae), Journal of Molluscan Studies, 68 (p.260)
Brook, F.J., Marshall, B.A. 1998 The coastal molluscan fauna of the northern Kermadec Islands, southwest Pacific Ocean, Journal of the Royal Society of New Zealand, 28 (p.215)
Key to Geographical Ranges
The symbols K.A.C.F.M.An. are used to indicate the geographical range of the species.
They have been adopted to give an approximation of the range of each species within New Zealand.
Aupourian - Kaipara Harbour, north around North Cape, encompassing the Three Kings Islands and south to East Cape
Cookian - Lower North Island and the northern part of the South Island