Haase, M. 2008 The radiation of hydrobiid gastropods in New Zealand: a revision including the description of new species based on morphology and mtDNA sequence information, Systematics and Biodiversity, 6(1) (p.116)
Powell, A.W.B. 1979New Zealand Mollusca: Marine, Land and Freshwater Shells, Collins, Auckland (p.122)
Climo, F.M. 1974 Description and affinities of the subterranean molluscan fauna of New Zealand, New Zealand Journal of Zoology, 1(3) (p.261) Original Description
Key to Geographical Ranges
The symbols K.A.C.F.M.An. are used to indicate the geographical range of the species.
They have been adopted to give an approximation of the range of each species within New Zealand.
Aupourian - Kaipara Harbour, north around North Cape, encompassing the Three Kings Islands and south to East Cape
Cookian - Lower North Island and the northern part of the South Island