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Species List for Family: Epitoniidae
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Mollusca (Phylum) > Gastropoda (Class) > Caenogastropoda (Subclass) > [unassigned] Caenogastropoda (Order) > Epitonioidea (Superfamily) > Epitoniidae (Family)
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  • Family: Epitoniidae

  • Acirsa cookiana (Dell, 1956)
    Height 10mm, Width 3.5mm
    Marine, Endemic
    North Island, Cook Strait and eastern South Island
    ACE.
  • Amaea thielei (Boury, 1913)
    Height 30mm
    Marine
    Kermadec Islands
    K
  • Cirsotrema forresti Dell, 1956
    Height 7mm, Width 3mm
    Marine, Endemic
    North Island, Hawkes Bay to Chatham Islands
    CFME.
  • Cirsotrema zelebori (Dunker, 1866)
    Height 30mm, Width 11mm
    Wentletrap, Marine, Endemic
    Three Kings Islands, North, South, Stewart and Chatham Islands
    ACFME.
  • Claviscala kuroharai Kuroda & Habe, 1961
    Height 83mm Width 22.4mm
    Marine
    Off Three Kings Islands, Norfolk Islands, Japan. 200-730 metres
    A
  • Cycloscala sp. cf. hyalina (G.B. Sowerby II, 1844)
    Marine
    Kermadec Islands
    K
  • Epidendrium billeeanum (Du Shane & Bratcher, 1965)
    Marine
    Kermadec Islands
    K
  • Epitonium bucknilli Powell, 1924
    Height 14mm, Width 6mm
    Wentletrap, Marine, Endemic
    Northland to Mahia
    ACE.
  • Epitonium jukesianum (Forbes, 1852)
    Height 13mm, Width 4mm
    Wentletrap, Marine, Endemic
    North Island to Cook Strait. Also Tasmania and from New South Wales to Western Australia
    ACE.
  • Epitonium minorum (Iredale, 1936)
    Height 14mm, Width 5mm
    Wentletrap, Marine, In shallow water on fine sand, in open coast situations
    Northland east coast. Also New South Wales, Australia
    AC
  • Epitonium tenellum (Hutton, 1885)
    Height 20mm, Width 9mm
    Wentletrap, Marine, Endemic, In sheltered shallow water, on silty sand
    Northland to Nelson/Marlborough, in silty sand. Also Queensland to Victoria, Australia
    ACE.
  • Gyroscala commutata (Monterosato, 1877)
    Height 32mm, Width 13mm
    Marine, Umbilicus is closed, there is a spiral rib on the base of the body whorl, and a brown band is present at the top of whorls
    Kermadec, Australia and Northland, NZ
    KA
  • Gyroscala sp. aff. lamellosa (Lamarck, 1822)
    Marine, Endemic
    FE.
  • Iphitus neozelanicus (Dell, 1956)
    Height 3.3mm, Width 2.3mm
    Marine, Endemic
    Cook Strait to Chatham Islands. Trawled from around 250-900 metres
    CME.
  • Janthina exigua (Lamarck, 1822)
    Height 23mm, Width 21mm
    Violet Snail, Marine, Pelagic, feeds mainly on colonial cnidarians (Physalia, Velella, Porpita). Strong and widely spaced growth ridges
    Commonly washed ashore on west coast beaches
    ACFM
  • Janthina globosa Swainson, 1826
    Height 32mm, Width 26mm
    Violet Snail, Marine, Pelagic, feeds mainly on colonial cnidarians (Physalia, Velella, Porpita)
    Occasionally washed ashore on Northland east coast beaches, down to Awhitu Peninsula on the west coast, and eastern Bay of Plenty
    A
  • Janthina janthina (Linnaeus, 1758)
    Height 38mm, Width 40mm
    Violet Snail, Marine, Pelagic, feeds mainly on colonial cnidarians (Physalia, Velella, Porpita)
    World wide
    ACFM
  • Janthina umbilicata d'Orbigny, 1840
    Height 16mm, Width 15mm
    Marine, Pelagic, feeds mainly on colonial cnidarians (Physalia, Velella, Porpita). Fine and closely spaced growth ridges
    Kermadec Islands and Northern NZ
    KA
  • Murdochella alacer Finlay, 1926
    Height 4.7mm, Width 1.6mm
    Marine, Endemic
    Off North Cape and Northland
    AE.
  • Murdochella levifoliata (Murdoch & Suter, 1906)
    Height 5.7mm, Width 1.6mm
    Marine, Endemic
    Off North, South, Stewart, Chathams and Snares Islands
    ACMAnE.
  • Opalia ahiparana (Powell, 1930)
    Height 7mm, Width 2.5mm
    Marine, Endemic
    Northland, off Ahipara 130 metres
    AE.
  • Opalia maxwelli (Finlay, 1930)
    Height 7.5mm, Width 2.5mm
    Marine, Endemic
    Off Taiaroa Head, Otago
    FE.
  • Opalia zelandica (Finlay, 1930)
    Height 10mm
    Marine, Endemic
    Northland, off North Cape
    AE.
  • Papuliscala superlata Finlay, 1930
    Height 4.5mm, Width 1.3mm
    Marine, Endemic
    Off North Cape
    AE.
  • Recluzia lutea (Bennett, 1840)
    Height 37mm, Width 26mm
    Marine, Pelagic, feeds on floating Minyadidae anemones
    Washed ashore Northland to Bay of Plenty
    KA
Key to Geographical Ranges
NZ Map showing Geographical Ranges
The symbols K.A.C.F.M.An. are used to indicate the geographical range of the species. They have been adopted to give an approximation of the range of each species within New Zealand.
K=
Kermadec Islands
A=
Aupourian - Kaipara Harbour, north around North Cape, encompassing the Three Kings Islands and south to East Cape
C=
Cookian - Lower North Island and the northern part of the South Island
F=
Forsterian - Otago, Fiordland and Stewart Island
M=
Moriorian - Chatham Islands, Pitt Island
An=
Antipodean - Subantarctic Islands of New Zealand
Fw =
Freshwater
L =
Land
N =
North Island
S =
South Island
E =
Endemic
I =
Introduced
R =
Recent
Sf =
Subfossil
Fo =
Fossil