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Mollusca (Phylum) > Gastropoda (Class) > Caenogastropoda (Subclass) > Ptenoglossa (Order) > Epitonioidea (Superfamily) > Epitoniidae (Family)
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  • Acirsa cookiana (Dell, 1956)
    Height 10mm, Width 3.5mm, Marine, Endemic
    North Island, Cook Strait and eastern South Island ACE.
  • Cirsotrema forresti Dell, 1956
    Height 7mm, Width 3mm, Marine, Endemic
    North Island, Hawkes Bay to Chatham Islands CFME.
  • Cirsotrema zelebori (Dunker, 1866)
    Height 30mm, Width 11mm, Wentletrap. Marine, Endemic
    Three Kings Islands, North, South, Stewart and Chatham Islands ACFME.
  • Claviscala kuroharai Kuroda & Habe, 1961
    Height 83mm Width 22.4mm, Marine
    Off Three Kings Islands, Norfolk Islands, Japan. 200-730 metres A
  • Epitonium (Hyaloscala) bucknilli Powell, 1924
    Height 14mm, Width 6mm, Wentletrap. Marine, Endemic
    Northland to Mahia ACE.
  • Epitonium (Hyaloscala) jukesianum (Forbes, 1852)
    (=ampacta Iredale)
    Height 13mm, Width 4mm, Wentletrap. Marine, Endemic
    North Island to Cook Strait. Also Tasmania and from New South Wales to Western Australia ACE.
  • Epitonium (Lamelliscala) minorum (Iredale, 1936)
    Height 14mm, Width 5mm, Wentletrap. Marine. In shallow water on fine sand, in open coast situations
    Northland east coast. Also New South Wales, Australia AC
  • Epitonium (Papyriscala) tenellum (Hutton, 1885)
    Height 20mm, Width 9mm, Wentletrap. Marine, Endemic. In sheltered shallow water, on silty sand
    Northland to Bay of Plenty, in silty sand. Also Queensland to Victoria, Australia ACE.
  • Gyroscala (Pomiscala) lamellosa (Lamarck, 1822)
    (=Scalaria perplexa Pease, =coronatum Lamarck 1816?)
    Height 32mm, Width 13mm, Marine. Umbilicus is closed, there is a spiral rib on the base of the body whorl, and a brown band is present at the top of whorls
    Kermadec, Australia and Northland, NZ KA
  • Gyroscala (Pomiscala) sp. aff. lamellosa (Lamarck, 1822)
    Marine, Endemic
  • Janthina exigua (Lamarck, 1822)
    Height 23mm, Width 21mm, Violet Snail. Marine. Pelagic, feeds mainly on colonial cnidarians (Physalia, Velella, Porpita). Strong and widely spaced growth ridges
    Commonly washed ashore on west coast beaches ACFM
  • Janthina globosa Swainson, 1826
    Height 32mm, Width 26mm, Violet Snail. Marine. Pelagic, feeds mainly on colonial cnidarians (Physalia, Velella, Porpita)
    Occasionally washed ashore on Northland east coast beaches, down to Awhitu Peninsula on the west coast, and eastern Bay of Plenty A
  • Janthina janthina (Linnaeus, 1758)
    (=violacea Röding)
    Height 38mm, Width 40mm, Violet Snail. Marine. Pelagic, feeds mainly on colonial cnidarians (Physalia, Velella, Porpita)
    World wide ACFM
  • Janthina umbilicata d'Orbigny, 1840
    Height 16mm, Width 15mm, Marine. Pelagic, feeds mainly on colonial cnidarians (Physalia, Velella, Porpita). Fine and closely spaced growth ridges
    Kermadec Islands and Northern NZ KA
  • Recluzia lutea (Bennett, 1840)
    (=rollandiana Petit de la Saussaye)
    Height 37mm, Width 26mm, Marine. Pelagic, feeds on floating Minyadidae anemones
    Washed ashore Northland to Bay of Plenty KA
Key to Geographical Ranges
NZ Map showing Geographical Ranges
The symbols K.A.C.F.M.An. are used to indicate the geographical range of the species. They have been adopted to give an approxomation of the range of each species within New Zealand.
Kermadec Islands
Aupourian - Kaipara Harbour, north around North Cape, encompassing the Three Kings Islands and south to East Cape
Cookian - Lower North Island and the northern part of the South Island
Forsterian - Otago, Fiordland and Stewart Island
Moriorian - Chatham Islands, Pitt Island
Antipodean - Subantarctic Islands of New Zealand
Fw =
L =
N =
North Island
S =
South Island
E =
I =
R =
Sf =
Fo =