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Key to Geographical Ranges
The symbols K.A.C.F.M.An. are used to indicate the geographical range of the species. They have been adopted to give an approxomation of the range of each species within New Zealand.
Kermadec Islands
Aupourian - Kaipara Harbour, north around North Cape, encompassing the Three Kings Islands and south to East Cape
Cookian - Lower North Island and the northern part of the South Island
Forsterian - Otago, Fiordland and Stewart Island
Moriorian - Chatham Islands, Pitt Island
Antipodean - Subantarctic Islands of New Zealand
FW =
L =
E =
I =
Mollusca (Phylum) > Gastropoda (Class) > Vetigastropoda (Subclass) > Trochida (Order) > Trochoidea (Superfamily) > Turbinidae (Family)
Genus: Astraeamap >
Astraea heliotropium (Martyn, 1784)
Width 120mm, Height 60mm, Circular Saw Shell. Endemic
North, South, Stewart and Chatham Islands [ACFM]
Genus: Bolma (Bolma)map >
Bolma (Bolma) kermadecensis Beau & Ponder, 1979
Height 36mm, Width 47mm, Endemic
Kermadec Islands, 135-210 metres [K.]
Genus: Bolma (Ormastralium)map >
Norfolk Islands, Wanganella Bank, and Kiwi Seamount, northern Three Kings Rise [A]
Genus: Cookiamap >
Cookia sulcata (Gmelin, 1791)
Width 119mm, Height 90mm, Cooks Turban Shell. Endemic
North, South and Chatham Islands [ACFM]
Genus: Lunellamap >
Lunella smaragda (Gmelin, 1791)
Width 91mm, Height 84mm, Common Cats Eye. Endemic
North, South and Stewart Island. Also recently recorded from the Chatham Islands [ACFM]
Genus: Modeliamap >
Modelia granosa (Martyn, 1784)
Height 92mm, Width 90mm, Southern Cats Eye. Endemic. More common in the south where it usually grows to a larger size
North, South, Stewart and Chatham Islands. Low tide to about 40 metres [ACFM]