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Key to Geographical Ranges
The symbols K.A.C.F.M.An. are used to indicate the geographical range of the species. They have been adopted to give an approxomation of the range of each species within New Zealand.
Kermadec Islands
Aupourian - Kaipara Harbour, north around North Cape, encompassing the Three Kings Islands and south to East Cape
Cookian - Lower North Island and the northern part of the South Island
Forsterian - Otago, Fiordland and Stewart Island
Moriorian - Chatham Islands, Pitt Island
Antipodean - Subantarctic Islands of New Zealand
FW =
L =
E =
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Mollusca (Phylum) > Bivalvia (Class) > Pteriomorphia (Subclass) > Mytilida (Order) > Mytiloidea (Superfamily) > Mytilidae (Family) > Bathymodiolinae (Subfamily)
Mytilidae: Bathymodiolinae
Genus: Adipicolamap >
Adipicola osseocola (Dell, 1987)
Length 24mm, Height 10mm, Endemic
North of Chatham Islands. On whale skull 880-882 metres [M]
Genus: Bathymodiolusmap >
Bathymodiolus manusensis Hashimoto & Furuta, 2007
Vent Mussel
Kermadec Ridge, SSW of Tonga, Monowai Caldera, 1143 metres [K.]
Genus: Benthomodiolusmap >
Off White Island, down to Chatham Islands. On bored logs [ACM]
Genus: Gigantidasmap >
Gigantidas gladius Marshall, 2003
Length 316mm, Height 54mm, Giant Vent Mussel. Endemic
Submarine volcanoes, Southern Kermadec Ridge, 216-755 metres [K.]
Gigantidas tangaroa (Cosel & Marshall, 2003)
Length 200mm, Endemic
Off SE North Island, from active submarine volcanoes around 920-1205 metres. Off Cape Turnagain [C]
Genus: Idasmap >
Idas japonica (Habe, 1976)
Southwest Pacific, benthic [A]
Idas washingtoniana (Bernard, 1978)
Southwest Pacific, benthic [ACM]
Genus: Teruamap >
Terua arcuatilis (Dell, 1995)
Length 30mm, Height 8mm, Endemic
Chatham Rise and Challenger Plateau. On whale bone from 550-1100 metres [CM]
Genus: Vulcanidasmap >
Vulcanidas insolatus Marshall, 2010
Length 178mm, Width 92mm, Endemic. Near active volcanic venting sites
Kermadec Ridge. Macauley Caldera and Giggenback volcano, 140-504 metres [K.]