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Key to Geographical Ranges
The symbols K.A.C.F.M.An. are used to indicate the geographical range of the species. They have been adopted to give an approxomation of the range of each species within New Zealand.
Kermadec Islands
Aupourian - Kaipara Harbour, north around North Cape, encompassing the Three Kings Islands and south to East Cape
Cookian - Lower North Island and the northern part of the South Island
Forsterian - Otago, Fiordland and Stewart Island
Moriorian - Chatham Islands, Pitt Island
Antipodean - Subantarctic Islands of New Zealand
FW =
L =
E =
I =
Mollusca (Phylum) > Gastropoda (Class) > Heterobranchia (Subclass) > Cephalaspidea (Order) > Philinoidea (Superfamily) > Philinidae (Family) > Philine (Genus)
Genus: Philinemap >
Philine angasi Crosse & Fischer, 1865
Height 26mm, Width 20mm, Without sculpture other than axial growth lines
Northern North Island to Bay of Plenty. Also New South Wales, Australia [AC]
Philine auriformis Suter, 1909
Height 16mm, Width 12mm, Sculptured with beaded spirals
North, South and Stewart Island. Introduced and now established in California [ACF]
Philine constricta Murdoch & Suter, 1906
Height 5mm, Width 3mm, Endemic
North, South and Chatham Islands [ACFM]
Philine powelli Rudman, 1970
Height 9mm, Width 7mm, Endemic
North, South, Stewart and Chatham Islands [ACF]
Philine umbilicata Murdoch & Suter, 1906
Height 3.5mm, Width 2.2mm, Endemic
North and South Islands [AFM]