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Key to Geographical Ranges
The symbols K.A.C.F.M.An. are used to indicate the geographical range of the species. They have been adopted to give an approxomation of the range of each species within New Zealand.
Kermadec Islands
Aupourian - Kaipara Harbour, north around North Cape, encompassing the Three Kings Islands and south to East Cape
Cookian - Lower North Island and the northern part of the South Island
Forsterian - Otago, Fiordland and Stewart Island
Moriorian - Chatham Islands, Pitt Island
Antipodean - Subantarctic Islands of New Zealand
Fw =
L =
N =
North Island
S =
South Island
E =
I =
R =
Sf =
Fo =
Gastropoda (Phylum) > Mollusca (Subphylum) > Caenogastropoda (Subclass) > Littorinimorpha (Order) > Naticoidea (Superfamily) > Naticidae (Family)
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Naticidae: Naticinae
Genus: Naticariusmap >
Naticarius orientalis (Gmelin, 1791)
Width 37mm, Marine
Indo-West Pacific, Kermadec Islands K
Genus: Notocochlismap >
Notocochlis cernica (Jousseaume, 1874) (=lemniscata Philippi, =sagittata hancockae Powell)
Height 18mm, Width 16mm, Moon Snail. Marine
Central Indian Ocean to Eastern Australia and the Philippines. NZ, Northland to Auckland KA
Notocochlis gualtieriana (Récluz, 1844) (=migratoria Powell)
Height 30mm, Width 22mm, Moon Snail. Marine
W Pacific, Kermadec Islands. Northland. Far North to Whangarei Heads, from low tide KA
Genus: Proxiubermap >
Proxiuber australe (Hutton, 1878)
Height 7mm, Width 7mm, Marine, Endemic
Northland. Three Kings Islands to East Cape AE.
Proxiuber hulmei Powell, 1954
Height 5mm, Width 5mm, Marine, Endemic. Shell smaller than australe, and proportionately wider, with a distinctive colour pattern of two broad spiral series of reddish-brown maculations on a white ground
Northland to Gisborne ACE.
Genus: Taneamap >
Tanea zelandica (Quoy & Gaimard, 1832)
Height 35mm, Width 32mm, Necklace Shell, Moon Snail. Marine, Endemic
North, South, Stewart, Chatham, Auckland and Bounty Islands ACFMAnE.
Naticidae: Globisininae
Genus: Globisinummap >
Globisinum drewi (Murdoch, 1899)
Height 50mm, Width 50mm, Marine, Endemic
Far North to North Canterbury and Chatham Islands ACFME.
Naticidae: Polinicinae
Genus: Eunaticinamap >
Eunaticina papilla (Gmelin, 1791) (=cincta Hutton)
Height 24mm, Marine
Haweran - Wanganui and East Cape. Occasional recent records from Bay of Islands and Northland AC
Genus: Falsilunatiamap >
Falsilunatia ambigua (Suter, 1913) (=powelli Dell)
Height 18mm, Width 16mm, Marine, Endemic
Off Eastern Otago to Chatham Rise, around 400-650 metres CFME.
Falsilunatia amphiala (Watson, 1881)
Height 20mm, Marine, Endemic
Chatham Rise, Chatham Islands, Off Eastern Otago FME.
Height 10mm, Width 8mm, Marine, Endemic
Off Eastern Otago to Chatham Rise. Trawled from around 400-600 metres ACFME.
Genus: Friginaticamap >
Friginatica conjuncta Dell, 1953 (=amphiala of authors not Watson)
Height 8.5mm, Width 7.5mm, Marine, Endemic
North, South and Stewart Island. Trawled from around 200-1250 metres ACFME.
Genus: Mammillamap >
Mammilla simiae (Deshayes in Deshayes & Edwards, 1838)
Height 30mm, Width 25mm, Marine
Northland to East Cape. Also Kermadec and Norfolk Islands. In beach drift and alive from low tide KA
Genus: Polinicesmap >
Polinices putealis Garrard, 1961
Height 27mm, Marine. Thinner shell than P.tawhitirahia, with an umbilicus that remains open at all stages of growth. Fawn to greenish periostracum
Australia, Kermadec Islands and Northern NZ KA
Height 34mm, Width 31mm, Marine. Heavy shell with thick callus that completely fills umbilicus. Colourless periostracum, fewer protoconch whorls than P. putealis, and a broader first protoconch whorl
Northland to Poor Knights Islands. Also Norfolk Islands KA
Genus: Uberellamap >
Uberella alacris Dell, 1956
Height 4.7mm, Width 5.1mm, Marine, Endemic
Off eastern Otago, trawled from around 475-550 metres FE.
Uberella barrierensis (Marwick, 1924)
Height 5mm, Width 5mm, Marine, Endemic
Off East Coast North Island to Cook Strait and Chatham Islands ACME.
Uberella denticulifera (Marwick, 1924)
Height 9mm, Width 8mm, Marine, Fossil, Endemic
Off East Cape, off Milford Sound CFMFo.E.
Uberella vitrea (Hutton, 1873)
Height 8mm, Width 7mm, Marine, Endemic
Stewart Island, in shell sand. Off Snares, Bounty, Auckland and Chatham Islands FMAnE.