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Key to Geographical Ranges
The symbols K.A.C.F.M.An. are used to indicate the geographical range of the species. They have been adopted to give an approxomation of the range of each species within New Zealand.
Kermadec Islands
Aupourian - Kaipara Harbour, north around North Cape, encompassing the Three Kings Islands and south to East Cape
Cookian - Lower North Island and the northern part of the South Island
Forsterian - Otago, Fiordland and Stewart Island
Moriorian - Chatham Islands, Pitt Island
Antipodean - Subantarctic Islands of New Zealand
Fw =
L =
N =
North Island
S =
South Island
E =
I =
R =
Sf =
Fo =
Bivalvia (Phylum) > Mollusca (Subphylum) > Pteriomorphia (Subclass) > Pectinida (Order) > Pectinoidea (Superfamily) > Pectinidae (Family)
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Pectinidae: Pectininae
Genus: Annachlamysmap >
Annachlamys iredalei (Powell, 1958)
Coral Sea, New Caledonia, Lord Howe Island, Norfolk Island, and Kermadec Islands, 15-183 metres K
Genus: Hyalopectenmap >
Hyalopecten hadalis (Knudsen, 1970)
Height 13.2mm, Marine
Off Lord Howe Island, Kermadec Trench and Hikurangi Trench, 1808-6730 metres K
Genus: Pectenmap >
Pecten novaezelandiae Reeve, 1852 (=rakiura Fleming)
Width 175mm, Height 150mm, Queen Scallop. Marine, Endemic
North, South, Stewart and Chatham Islands ACFME.
Pecten raoulensis Powell, 1958
Marine, Endemic
Raoul and Curtis Islands, Kermadec Islands, 42-146 metres KE.
Pectinidae: Camptonectinae
Genus: Ciclopectenmap >
Ciclopecten fluctuatus (Bavay, 1905)
Height 5.45mm, Marine
Andaman Sea, Indonesia, Vanuatu, Loyalty Islands, and Kermadec Ridge, 225-566 metres K
Genus: Delectopectenmap >
Width 18mm, Height 19mm, Marine
North and South Island, and Chatham Rise. Trawled from 350-1550 metres ACFM
Pectinidae: Palliolinae
Genus: Mesopeplummap >
Mesopeplum convexum (Quoy & Gaimard, 1835)
Width 55mm, Height 50mm, Marine, Endemic
Three Kings Islands, North, South, Stewart and Chatham Islands. Dredged to over 250 metes ACFME.
Genus: Pseudamussiummap >
Pseudamussium challengeri (E.A. Smith, 1891)
Height 8.1mm, Marine
Off Hokianga, Mayor Island, Challenger Plateau, Westport and Greymouth, 570-1029 metres. Also South eastern Australia, Tasman Sea AC
Pectinidae: Pedinae
Genus: Austrochlamysmap >
Height 108mm, Marine
South-eastern South America and off Auckland Islands, southern New Zealand, 125-960 metres An
Genus: Cryptopectenmap >
Cryptopecten bullatus (Dautzenberg & Bavay, 1912)
Height 30mm, Marine
SW Indian Ocean, SE Africa, Japan, E China Sea, Philippines, Indonesia, E Australia, New Caledonia, Vanuatu, Hawaiian Islands, Lord Howe Island, Norfolk Ridge, and Kermadec Islands, 64-608 metres K
Genus: Mimachlamysmap >
Mimachlamys sanguinea (Linnaeus, 1758) (=senatoria Gmelin, =asperrimoides Powell)
Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific, Norfolk Island, and Kermadec Islands, NZ Far North KA
Genus: Pascahinnitesmap >
Height 21mm, Marine
Indo-West Pacific, Kermadec Islands, 0-82 metres K
Genus: Scaeochlamysmap >
Scaeochlamys livida (Lamarck, 1819)
50-70mm, Marine, Introduced
Australia. Occasional records from northern NZ AI.
Genus: Talochlamysmap >
Talochlamys dichroa (Suter, 1909) (=consociata Smith, =taiaroa Powell)
Width 27mm, Height 30mm, Marine, Endemic
North, South, Chatham and southern Islands. In cod stomachs and trawled around 50-800 metres KACFMAnE.
Talochlamys gemmulata (Reeve, 1853)
Width 68mm, Height 73mm, Marine, Endemic
North, South, Stewart and Chatham Islands. Trawled around 20-300 metres ACFME.
Talochlamys zelandiae (Gray, 1843) (=dieffenbachi Reeve, =zeelandona Hertlein, =suprasilis Finlay)
Width 55mm, Height 58mm, Fan Shell. Marine, Endemic
North, South, Stewart, Chatham and southern Islands. From low tide under rocks to over 40 metres. Often encased in sponge ACFMAnE.
Genus: Veprichlamysmap >
Width 27mm, Height 30mm, Marine
Southern New Caledonia, and New Zealand, 263-1130 metres ACFM
Genus: Zygochlamysmap >
Zygochlamys delicatula (Hutton, 1873) (=subantarctica Hedley)
Width 60mm, Height 60mm, Marine
Off south-eastern South Island, Auckland, Campbell and Macquarie Islands CFMAn