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Key to Geographical Ranges
The symbols K.A.C.F.M.An. are used to indicate the geographical range of the species. They have been adopted to give an approxomation of the range of each species within New Zealand.
Kermadec Islands
Aupourian - Kaipara Harbour, north around North Cape, encompassing the Three Kings Islands and south to East Cape
Cookian - Lower North Island and the northern part of the South Island
Forsterian - Otago, Fiordland and Stewart Island
Moriorian - Chatham Islands, Pitt Island
Antipodean - Subantarctic Islands of New Zealand
Fw =
L =
N =
North Island
S =
South Island
E =
I =
R =
Sf =
Fo =
Gastropoda (Phylum) > Mollusca (Subphylum) > Caenogastropoda (Subclass) > Neogastropoda (Order) > Conoidea (Superfamily) > Mangeliidae (Family)
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Genus: Heterocitharamap >
Height 5.5mm, Width 2.3mm, Marine, Endemic
North Island, Northland to Bay of Plenty and East Cape AE.
Genus: Liracraeamap >
Liracraea epentroma (Murdoch, 1905)
Height 6mm, Width 2mm, Marine, Endemic
From Cook Strait to Stewart Island CFE.
Height 7mm, Width 2.5mm, Marine, Endemic
Off Bounty and Auckland Islands AnE.
Height 6.8mm, Width 2.5mm, Marine, Endemic
Off eastern Otago FE.
Liracraea odhneri Powell, 1942
Height 8mm, Width 3.2mm, Marine, Endemic
North, upper South Islands and Chatham Islands ACME.
Height 5.7mm, Width 2.5mm, Marine, Endemic
Off eastern Otago, trawled 550 metres. Off Chatham Islands FME.
Liracraea otakauica Powell, 1942
Height 7.8mm, Width 2.7mm, Marine, Endemic
Trawled off Otago FE.
Genus: Macteolamap >
Macteola interrupta (Reeve, 1846)
Length 12mm, Marine
Kermadec Islands K
Genus: Neoguraleusmap >
Neoguraleus amoenus (E.A. Smith, 1884)
Height 14mm, Width 5mm, Marine, Endemic
Northland to Bay of Plenty ACE.
Height 8mm, Width 3mm, Marine, Endemic
South Island. Off Oamaru, eastern Otago FE.
Neoguraleus finlayi Powell, 1942
Height 10mm, Width 4mm, Marine, Endemic
South Island, Dunedin Harbour CFE.
Neoguraleus huttoni (E.A.Smith, 1915)
Height 9mm, Width 3.7mm, Marine, Endemic
Northern North Island AE.
Neoguraleus interruptus Powell, 1942 (=sandersonae Powell, not Bucknill)
Height 8mm, Width 4.2mm, Marine, Endemic
Northland to Hauraki Gulf ACE.
Neoguraleus lyallensis (Murdoch, 1905) (=tenebrosus Powell)
Height 13mm, Width 5.5mm, Marine, Endemic. Unicoloured, without a definite colour pattern, and the surface is crowded with fine lirations
North, South and Stewart Island. In shell sand ACFE.
Height 12.5mm, Width 5mm, Marine, Endemic
Manukau Harbour, North Island CE.
Neoguraleus murdochi (Finlay, 1924)
Height 9mm, Width 3.5mm, Marine, Endemic
North, South and Stewart Islands ACFE.
Neoguraleus oruaensis Powell, 1942
Height 9.5mm, Width 4mm, Marine, Endemic
Orua Bay, Manukau Harbour CE.
Neoguraleus sandersonae (Bucknill, 1927)
Height 15mm, Width 7mm, Marine, Endemic
Northland east coast AE.
Neoguraleus sinclairi (Gillies, 1882)
Height 11mm, Width 4.5mm, Marine, Endemic
North, South, Stewart and Chatham Islands ACFME.
Genus: Propebelamap >
Height 5mm, Width 2.4mm, Marine, Endemic
Off North, South and Chatham Islands ACFME.
Propebela fenestratus Powell, 1942
Height 5.4mm, Width 2.3mm, Marine, Endemic
Off Northland east coast to East Cape area AE.
Height 6mm, Width 3mm, Marine, Endemic
Off eastern Otago, trawled 475-640 metres. Also off Chatham Islands and Cook Strait CFME.
Propebela infanda (Webster, 1906)
Height 6mm, Width 3mm, Marine, Endemic
Off Great Barrier Island AE.
Height 8mm, Width 3.7mm, Marine, Endemic
Off Chatham Rise, 530-600 metres CME.
Propebela munda (Suter, 1909)
Height 7.5mm, Width 3.2mm, Marine, Endemic
North Island, off Flat Point, 195 metres CE.
Propebela murrhea (Webster, 1906)
Height 5mm, Width 3mm, Marine, Endemic
Off Northland east coast to Cook Strait AE.
Propebela otagoensis Powell, 1942
Height 6mm, Width 3mm, Marine, Endemic
Cook Strait to Otago and off Chatham Islands CFME.
Propebela pedica Powell, 1942
Height 5.7mm, Width 2.3mm, Marine, Endemic
Off Otago Heads, and Snares Islands FAnE.
Height 9mm, Width 3.8mm, Marine, Endemic
Off east coast North and South Islands, and Chatham Rise ACFME.
Propebela rossiana Powell, 1942
Height 4.3mm, Width 1.8mm, Marine, Endemic
North of Auckland Islands AnE.
Propebela subtruncata Powell, 1942
Height 6.8mm, Width 3.2mm, Marine, Endemic
Trawled off west coast South Island, from Cook Strait to Otago CFE.
Propebela ula (Watson, 1881)
Height 6mm, Width 3mm, Marine, Endemic
North Island, East Cape to Otago, South Island CFE.