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Key to Geographical Ranges
The symbols K.A.C.F.M.An. are used to indicate the geographical range of the species. They have been adopted to give an approxomation of the range of each species within New Zealand.
Kermadec Islands
Aupourian - Kaipara Harbour, north around North Cape, encompassing the Three Kings Islands and south to East Cape
Cookian - Lower North Island and the northern part of the South Island
Forsterian - Otago, Fiordland and Stewart Island
Moriorian - Chatham Islands, Pitt Island
Antipodean - Subantarctic Islands of New Zealand
FW =
L =
E =
I =
Gastropoda (Phylum) > Mollusca (Subphylum) > Caenogastropoda (Subclass) > Neogastropoda (Order) > Buccinoidea (Superfamily) > Buccinulidae (Family)
Genus: Aeneatormap >
Aeneator attenuatus Powell, 1927
Height 65mm, Width 25mm, Endemic. Sculpture of fine spiral cords. Lirate within aperture
North Island, off Ahipara, Ninety Mile Beach [A]
Height 60mm, Width 30mm, Endemic
North Island, Northland to Bay of Plenty in deep water to about 300 fathoms [A]
Aeneator comptus (Finlay, 1924)
Height 60mm, Width 24mm, Endemic. Sculpture of strong vertical axial folds
North Island. Bay of Plenty to Mahia, and northern South Island [AC]
Aeneator elegans (Suter, 1917)
Height 41mm, Width 18mm, Endemic. Strongly ribbed and shouldered species, compared to A. valedicta
Central and southern New Zealand [CF]
Aeneator galatheae Powell, 1958
Height 40mm, Width 15mm, Endemic
Fiordland, South Island [F]
Height 45mm, Width 21mm, Endemic. Axial ribs on shoulders
North Island, Bay of Plenty [A]
Aeneator otagoensis Finlay, 1930 (=cookianus Dell)
Height 93mm, Width 43mm, Endemic
East Cape to Otago Heads [CF]
Aeneator recens (Dell, 1951)
Height 61mm, Width 31mm, Endemic
South Island, off Eastern Otago and Chatham Rise [CFM]
Aeneator valedictus (Watson, 1886)
Height 50mm, Width 22mm, Endemic. Has axial sculpture only as nodules around the shoulder angle
South Island and Chatham Islands [CFM]
Genus: Antarctodomusmap >
Length 34mm, Width 20mm, Endemic
Northern Mernoo Slope 1568 metres. Bounty Trough 1386 metres [CF]
Genus: Antarctoneptuneamap >
Antarctoneptunea aurora (Hedley, 1916)
Ross Sea, Antarctica [An]
Antarctoneptunea benthicolus Dell, 1956 (=delli Powell)
Height 100mm, Width 40mm, Endemic
Deep water off North,South, Stewart Island and Chatham Rise [ACFMAn]
Genus: Austrofususmap >
Austrofusus chathamensis (Finlay, 1928)
Height 60mm, Width 33mm, Endemic
Chatham Islands. Off Cook Strait, Wellington [CM]
Austrofusus glans (Röding, 1798) (=agrestior Finlay,1927, =tragulatus Iredale,1937)
Height 88mm, Width 41mm, Knobbed Whelk. Endemic
Throughout New Zealand, including Stewart Island [ACF]
Genus: Buccinulummap >
Buccinulum colensoi (Suter, 1908)
Height 22mm, Width 11mm, Endemic
North Island. East Cape to Wairarapa [C]
Height 25mm, Width 12mm, Endemic
South Island, off eastern Otago. Chatham Islands [FM]
Height 33mm, Width 16mm, Endemic
North Island east coast [AC]
Buccinulum linea (Martyn, 1784)
Height 49mm, Width 23mm, Endemic
North, South and Chatham Islands. Under rocks from low tide [ACFM]
Buccinulum mariae Powell, 1940
Height 20mm, Width 11mm, Endemic
Northland east coast to Bay of Plenty and East Cape [A]
Buccinulum pallidum Finlay, 1928
Height 45mm, Width 21mm, Endemic
Southern North Island from Mahia to Stewart Island, Chatham Islands [CFM]
Height 40mm, Width 18mm, Endemic
Northland to East Cape [A]
Buccinulum pertinax (Martens, 1878)
Height 45mm, Width 21mm, Endemic
Southern half of South Island, Stewart, Chatham, Snares, Antipodes, Auckland and Campbell Islands [FMAn]
Height 37mm, Width 17mm, Endemic
Off Taiaroa Head, Otago, and Banks Peninsula [CF]
Buccinulum robustum Powell, 1929
Height 21mm, Width 9mm, Endemic
Nortland to East Cape [A]
Buccinulum vittatum (Quoy & Gaimard, 1833) (=littorinoides Reeve)
Height 26mm, Width 12mm, Endemic
North, South, and Stewart Island [ACFAn]
Height 33mm, Width 15mm, Endemic
Chatham Islands [M]
Genus: Calagrassormap >
Height 16mm, Width 7mm
North Island. East of the Aldermen Islands, Bay of Plenty to East Cape. On waterlogged wood around 400-500 metres. Also Philippines and the SW Indian Ocean [A]
Genus: Cominella (Cominella)map >
Cominella (Cominella) adspersa (Bruguière, 1789)
Length 65mm, Width 40mm, Endemic
North Island, northern part of South Island and Chatham Islands [ACM]
Length 45mm, Width 23mm, Endemic
North Island, northern part of South Island and Chatham Islands [ACM]
Genus: Cominella (Cominista)map >
Height 24mm, Width 13mm, Mud Whelk. Endemic
North, South, Stewart and Chatham Islands [ACFM]
Genus: Cominella (Cominula)map >
Height 20mm, Width 9mm, Endemic
Northland west coast [A]
Height 23mm, Width 12mm, Endemic
Off Three Kings Islands, Northern [A]
Height 22mm, Width 11mm, Endemic
Northern North Island [A]
Height 24mm, Width 10mm, Endemic
Northern part of North Island to Mahia [AC]
Height 21mm, Width 12mm, Endemic
Off Three Kings Islands in 20-50 metres [A]
Height 31mm, Width 20mm, Endemic
North Island east coast. East Cape to Mahia, below low tide [C]
Cominella (Cominula) virgata H.& A.Adams, 1853 (=brookesi Powell)
Height 40mm, Width 19mm, Endemic
North Island and upper South Island [AC]
Genus: Cominella (Eucominia)map >
Height 27mm, Width 12mm
Off Chatham Islands to Chatham Rise [CM]
Cominella (Eucominia) elegantula Powell, 1946 (=marlboroughensis Powell,1946)
Height 28mm, Width 13mm, Endemic. Pronounced shoulder sulcus and thin axial ribbing
Cook Strait to Cape Campbell [C]
Height 18mm, Width 8mm, Endemic
Off Three Kings Islands [A]
Cominella (Eucominia) mirabilis canturiensis (Dell, 1951) (=nuptialis Dell,1953)
Height 30mm, Width 14mm, Endemic
South Island. Chatham Rise and off Banks Peninsula [CM]
Height 15mm, Width 8mm, Endemic. Large protoconch
Off South Island, West Coast, Fiordland, Otago and Chatham Rise [CFM]
Cominella (Eucominia) nassoides (Reeve, 1846) (=foveauxana Powell)
Height 50mm, Width 25mm, Endemic
Stewart Island and Foveaux Strait [F]
Height 60mm, Width 28mm, Endemic
Chatham Islands, probably sub-recent [M]
Height 35mm, Width 18mm, Endemic
Fiordland, about 20-70 metres [F]
Height 55mm, Width 33mm, Endemic
Chatham Island [M]
Height 56mm, Width 28mm, Endemic
Auckland and Campbell Islands, 70-80 metres [An]
Height 75mm, Width 37mm, Endemic
Off Taiaroa Head, Otago, to Cook Strait [F]
Height 56mm, Width 28mm, Endemic
South Island. Mernoo Bank, Chatham Rise to Banks Peninsula. Off Puysegur Point, Fiordland [C]
Height 20mm, Width 10mm, Endemic
Off Taiaroa Head, Otago, to Foveaux Strait and Stewart Island [F]
Genus: Euthrenopsismap >
Height 9mm, Width 4mm, Endemic
Off Bounty Islands, 90 metres [An]
Height 12mm, Width 5mm, Endemic
South Island. Kaikoura to Foveaux Strait [CF]
Euthrenopsis venusta Powell, 1929
Height 15mm, Width 6mm, Endemic
South Island, off Oamaru [F]
Genus: Nassaria (Microfusus)map >
Northern [A]
Nassaria (Microfusus) solida Kuroda & Habe, 1961
Length 42mm
Japan, NE Australia, Norfolk Island, Kermadecs, New Caledona and northern NZ [K.A]
Nassaria (Microfusus) spinigera Hayashi & Habe, 1965 (=miriamae Dell)
Height 55mm, Width 28mm
Kiwi Seamount, north of NZ and Kermadec Islands [K.A]
Genus: Pareuthriamap >
Pareuthria fuscata (Bruguière, 1789) (=campbelli Filhol)
Height 33mm, Width 18mm, Endemic
Campbell and Antipodes Islands, in low tidal pools [An]
Genus: Penionmap >
Penion chathamensis (Powell, 1938)
Height 244mm, Width 106mm, Endemic
Chatham Rise to Chatham Islands, trawled around 400-450 metres [M]
Penion cuvierianus (Powell, 1927) (=dilatatus of authors)
Height 220mm, Width 85mm, Endemic
North Island to Cook Strait and Tasman Bay [AC]
Height 150mm, Width 65mm, Endemic
Cook Strait to Tasman Bay [C]
Penion fairfieldae (Powell, 1947)
Height 156mm, Width 65mm, Endemic. Solid, shorter spire, with wide shoulders and axial folds
South Island, off Otago Heads [F]
Penion lineatus Marshall, Hills & Vaux, 2018
King Bank, Middlesex Bank, Three Kings Islands and northwest of Cape Reinga [A]
Penion ormesi (Powell, 1927)
Height 200mm, Width 75mm, Endemic. Slender with tall spire
From Northland down to Cape Campbell and Cook Strait [AC]
Penion sulcatus (Lamarck, 1816) (=dilatatus Quoy & Gaimard)
Height 160mm, Width 65mm, Siphon Whelk. Endemic
North and South Islands, intertidal to about 50 fathoms [AC]
Genus: Phos (Phos)map >
Phos (Phos) hirasei G.B.Sowerby III, 1913
Length 38mm, Width 17mm
Kermadec Islands [K.]
Genus: Phos (Strongylocera)map >
Length 15mm
Mozambique, Philippines, Australia and Kermadec Islands [K.]
Genus: Prosiphomap >
Prosipho tomlini Powell, 1957
Height 13mm, Width 7mm, Endemic
Macquarie Island 69 metres [An]