=Octopus adamsi Benham, 1944 =Octopus australis Massy not Hoyle =Octopus campbelli of authors not Smith =Octopus duplex Berry not Hoyle =Octopus huttoni (Benham, 1943)
References and Publications
O'Shea, S. 1999 The Marine Fauna of New Zealand: Octopoda (Mollusca: Cephalopoda), NIWA Biodiversity Memoir, Wellington, 112 (p.147)
Stranks, T.N., Norman, M.D. 1992 Review of the Octopus australis complex from Australia and New Zealand, with description of a new species (Mollusca: Cephalopoda), Memoirs of the National Museum of Victoria, Melbourne, 53 (p.371)
Toll, R.B. 1991 A note on the supposed homonyms of Octopus australis Hoyle, 1885, with comments on Octopus campbelli Smith, 1902 (Cephalopda: Octopodinae), The Nautilus, 105(3) (p.116)
Stranks, T.N. 1990 Three new species of Octopus (Mollusca: Cephalopoda) from south-eastern Australia, Memoirs of the National Museum of Victoria, Melbourne, 50 (p.457)
Tait, R.W. 1982 A taxonomic revision of Octopus australis Hoyle, 1885 (Octopodidae: Cephalopoda), with a redescription of the species, Memoirs of the National Museum of Victoria, Melbourne, 43 (p.20)
Powell, A.W.B. 1979New Zealand Mollusca: Marine, Land and Freshwater Shells, Collins, Auckland (p.444)
Key to Geographical Ranges
The symbols K.A.C.F.M.An. are used to indicate the geographical range of the species.
They have been adopted to give an approximation of the range of each species within New Zealand.
Aupourian - Kaipara Harbour, north around North Cape, encompassing the Three Kings Islands and south to East Cape
Cookian - Lower North Island and the northern part of the South Island