Wormuth, J.H. 1998 Workshop delibrations on the Ommastrephidae: A brief history of their systematics and a review of the systematics, distribution, and biology of the genera Martialia Rochebrune and Mabille, 1889, Todaropsis Girard, 1890, Dosidicus Steenstrup, 1857, Hyaloteuthis Gray, 1849, and Eucleoteuthis Berry, 1916, Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology, 586 (p.379)
Young, R.E. 1972 The Systematics and Areal Distribution of Pelagic Cephalopods from the Seas off Southern California, Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology, 97 (p.32)
Key to Geographical Ranges
The symbols K.A.C.F.M.An. are used to indicate the geographical range of the species.
They have been adopted to give an approximation of the range of each species within New Zealand.
Aupourian - Kaipara Harbour, north around North Cape, encompassing the Three Kings Islands and south to East Cape
Cookian - Lower North Island and the northern part of the South Island