Widespread in New Zealand and sub-Antarctic waters. Most commonly between 250 and 900 metres
References and Publications
Bolstad, K.S. 2010 Systematics of the Onychoteuthidae Gray, 1847 (Cephalopoda: Oegopsida), Zootaxa, 2696 (p.96)
Bolstad, K.S. 2007 Systematics and distribution of the New Zealand onychoteuthid fauna (Cephalopoda: Oegopsida), including a new species, Notonykia nesisi sp. nov., Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries, 17 (p.314)
Roper, C.F.E., Sweeney, M.J., Nauen, C.E. 1984 Food and Agriculture Organization Species Catalogue: Volume 3. Cephalopods of the World. An Annotated and Illustrated Catalogue of Species of Interest to Fisheries, FAO Species Catalogue for Fishery Purposes, FAO, Rome, Italy, 125(3) (p.130)
Clarke, M.R. 1980 Cephalopoda in the diet of sperm whales of the southern hemisphere and their bearing on sperm whale biology, Discovery Reports, 37 (p.121)
Powell, A.W.B. 1979New Zealand Mollusca: Marine, Land and Freshwater Shells, Collins, Auckland (p.441)
Key to Geographical Ranges
The symbols K.A.C.F.M.An. are used to indicate the geographical range of the species.
They have been adopted to give an approximation of the range of each species within New Zealand.
Aupourian - Kaipara Harbour, north around North Cape, encompassing the Three Kings Islands and south to East Cape
Cookian - Lower North Island and the northern part of the South Island