Species Images
Found throughout the country on high tidal rocks. 15mm
Key to Geographical Ranges
The symbols K.A.C.F.M.An. are used to indicate the geographical range of the species. They have been adopted to give an approxomation of the range of each species within New Zealand.
K=
Kermadec Islands
A=
Aupourian - Kaipara Harbour, north around North Cape, encompassing the Three Kings Islands and south to East Cape
C=
Cookian - Lower North Island and the northern part of the South Island
F=
Forsterian - Otago, Fiordland and Stewart Island
M=
Moriorian - Chatham Islands, Pitt Island
An=
Antipodean - Subantarctic Islands of New Zealand
FW =
Freshwater
L =
Land
N =
North Island
S =
South Island
E =
Endemic
I =
Introduced

Austrolittorina antipodum (Philippi, 1847)

Classification:Gastropoda - Caenogastropoda - Hypsogastropoda
Family:LITTORINIDAE: LITTORININAE
Size/Grows to:Height 19mm, Width 12mm
Distribution:North, South, Stewart and Chatham Islands
Geographical Range:K.ACFME.
Notes:
Blue Periwinkle
References and Publications:
  • Reid, D.G., Williams, S.T. 2004: The subfamily Littorininae (Gastropoda: Littorinidae) in the temperate Southern Hemisphere: the genera Nodilittorina, Austrolittorina and Afrolittorina, Records of the Australian Museum, 56 (p.92)
  • Brook, F.J., Marshall, B.A. 1998: The coastal molluscan fauna of the northern Kermadec Islands, southwest Pacific Ocean, Journal of the Royal Society of New Zealand, 28 (p.215)
  • Powell, A.W.B. 1979: New Zealand Mollusca: Marine, Land and Freshwater Shells, Collins, Auckland (p.87)