Willan, R.C., Perkins, A. 2011 'Tropical' marine species newly recorded from northern mainland New Zealand: One damselfish and three sea slugs., In: A. Kuric, M. Coutts, and M. Radjainia, eds. Behind the Bubble Curtain, Auckland University 50th Anniversary Book, Auckland University Underwater Club, Auckland (p.83)
Key to Geographical Ranges
The symbols K.A.C.F.M.An. are used to indicate the geographical range of the species.
They have been adopted to give an approxomation of the range of each species within New Zealand.
Aupourian - Kaipara Harbour, north around North Cape, encompassing the Three Kings Islands and south to East Cape
Cookian - Lower North Island and the northern part of the South Island