Key to Geographical Ranges
The symbols K.A.C.F.M.An. are used to indicate the geographical range of the species. They have been adopted to give an approxomation of the range of each species within New Zealand.
Kermadec Islands
Aupourian - Kaipara Harbour, north around North Cape, encompassing the Three Kings Islands and south to East Cape
Cookian - Lower North Island and the northern part of the South Island
Forsterian - Otago, Fiordland and Stewart Island
Moriorian - Chatham Islands, Pitt Island
Antipodean - Subantarctic Islands of New Zealand
FW =
L =
N =
North Island
S =
South Island
E =
I =

Conus (Virroconus) chaldaeus (Röding, 1798)

Classification:Gastropoda - Caenogastropoda - Neogastropoda
Size/Grows to:Length 59mm
Synonyms:(=Miliariconus Tucker & Tenorio)
Distribution:Indo-Pacific, Red Sea, Central America, Galapagos, Kermadec Islands
Geographical Range:K.
References and Publications:
  • Puillandre, N., Duda, T.F., Meyer, C., Olivera, B.M., Bouchet, P. 2015: One, four or 100 genera? A new classification of the cone snails, Journal of Molluscan Studies, 81 (p.13)
  • Tucker, J.K., Tenorio, M.J. 2009: Systematic classification of Recent and Fossil Conoidean Gastropods: with keys to the genera of cone shells, ConchBooks, Hackenheim, Germany (p.131)
  • Brook, F.J., Marshall, B.A. 1998: The coastal molluscan fauna of the northern Kermadec Islands, southwest Pacific Ocean, Journal of the Royal Society of New Zealand, 28 (p.227)

Note: Localities are approximate, and represent only some of the known localities for the species.