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Key to Geographical Ranges
The symbols K.A.C.F.M.An. are used to indicate the geographical range of the species. They have been adopted to give an approxomation of the range of each species within New Zealand.
K=
Kermadec Islands
A=
Aupourian - Kaipara Harbour, north around North Cape, encompassing the Three Kings Islands and south to East Cape
C=
Cookian - Lower North Island and the northern part of the South Island
F=
Forsterian - Otago, Fiordland and Stewart Island
M=
Moriorian - Chatham Islands, Pitt Island
An=
Antipodean - Subantarctic Islands of New Zealand
FW =
Freshwater
L =
Land
N =
North Island
S =
South Island
E =
Endemic
I =
Introduced

Paralaoma manawatawhia Goulstone & Brook, 1999

Classification:Gastropoda - Pulmonata - Stylommatophora
Family:PUNCTIDAE: LAOMINAE
Size/Grows to:Width 1.2mm, Height 0.8mm
Distribution:Endemic to Great Island, Three Kings Islands
Geographical Range:L.E.
References and Publications:
  • Goulstone, J.F., Brook, F.J. 1999: Description of five species of terrestrial molluscs (Gastropoda: Stylommatophora: Punctidae, Charopidae, Rhytididae) discovered in the Three Kings Islands, northern New Zealand, Journal of the Royal Society of New Zealand, 29 (p.25)