Species Images
Rare, in beach drift, Northland. 12mm
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Key to Geographical Ranges
The symbols K.A.C.F.M.An. are used to indicate the geographical range of the species. They have been adopted to give an approxomation of the range of each species within New Zealand.
Kermadec Islands
Aupourian - Kaipara Harbour, north around North Cape, encompassing the Three Kings Islands and south to East Cape
Cookian - Lower North Island and the northern part of the South Island
Forsterian - Otago, Fiordland and Stewart Island
Moriorian - Chatham Islands, Pitt Island
Antipodean - Subantarctic Islands of New Zealand
FW =
L =
E =
I =

Hipponix liberatus (Pease, 1868)

Classification:Mollusca (Phylum) > Gastropoda (Class) > Caenogastropoda (Subclass) > Littorinimorpha (Order) > Vanikoioidea (Superfamily) > Hipponicidae (Family) > Hipponix (Genus)
Size/Grows to:Length 12mm, Width 16mm
Synonyms:(=Krebsia (Tenpetastus) Iredale)
Distribution:Tropical and subtropical Indo-Pacific, Mauritius, Western Australia, New Caledonia, Norfolk Island and Northland east coast. Rare, in beach drift
Geographical Range:[A]
References and Publications:
  • Sim-Smith, C., Kelly, M. 2009: A literature review on the Poor Knights Islands Marine Reserve, Department of Conservation, Whangarei (p.91)
  • Powell, A.W.B. 1979: New Zealand Mollusca: Marine, Land and Freshwater Shells, Collins, Auckland (p.146)
  • Powell, A.W.B. 1976: On the considerable influx of warm water molluscs that have invaded northern New Zealand waters within recent years, Records of the Auckland Institute and Museum, 13 (p.144)

Note: Localities are approximate, and represent only some of the known localities for the species.