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Key to Geographical Ranges
The symbols K.A.C.F.M.An. are used to indicate the geographical range of the species. They have been adopted to give an approxomation of the range of each species within New Zealand.
Kermadec Islands
Aupourian - Kaipara Harbour, north around North Cape, encompassing the Three Kings Islands and south to East Cape
Cookian - Lower North Island and the northern part of the South Island
Forsterian - Otago, Fiordland and Stewart Island
Moriorian - Chatham Islands, Pitt Island
Antipodean - Subantarctic Islands of New Zealand
FW =
L =
N =
North Island
S =
South Island
E =
I =

Bathymophila alabida (Marshall, 1979)

Classification:Gastropoda - Vetigastropoda
Size/Grows to:Width 10.5mm, Height 8.3mm
Distribution:Three Kings Rise & Kermadec Ridge, 508-1385 metres
Geographical Range:K.AE.
References and Publications:
  • Williams, S.T., Smith, L.M., Herbert, D.G., Marshall, B.A., Warén, A., Kiel, S., Dyal, P., Linse, K., Vilvens, C., Kano, Y. 2013: Cenozoic climate change and diversification on the continental shelf and slope: Evolution of gastropod diversity in the family Solariellidae (Trochoidea), Ecology and Evolution, 3 (p.891)
  • Marshall, B.A. 1999: A revision of the Recent Solariellinae (Gastropoda: Trochoidea) of the New Zealand Region, The Nautilus, 113(1) (p.24)
  • Marshall, B.A. 1979: The Trochidae and Turbinidae of the Kermadec Ridge (Mollusca: Gastropoda), New Zealand Journal of Zoology, 6(4) (p.532)

Note: Localities are approximate, and represent only some of the known localities for the species.

*2 © Museum of New Zealand Te Papa Tongarewa CC BY-NC-ND
*9 © NIWA