Key to Geographical Ranges
The symbols K.A.C.F.M.An. are used to indicate the geographical range of the species. They have been adopted to give an approxomation of the range of each species within New Zealand.
K=
Kermadec Islands
A=
Aupourian - Kaipara Harbour, north around North Cape, encompassing the Three Kings Islands and south to East Cape
C=
Cookian - Lower North Island and the northern part of the South Island
F=
Forsterian - Otago, Fiordland and Stewart Island
M=
Moriorian - Chatham Islands, Pitt Island
An=
Antipodean - Subantarctic Islands of New Zealand
FW =
Freshwater
L =
Land
E =
Endemic
I =
Introduced

Helicocranchia pfefferi Massy, 1907

Classification:Cephalopoda - Coleoida - Oegopsida
Family:CRANCHIIDAE: TAONIINAE
References and Publications:
  • Spencer, H.G., Marshall, B.A., Willan, R.C. 2002: Phylum Mollusca: clams, snails, chitons, squids, octopuses and kin. In Gordon, D.P. (ed.), The New Zealand Inventory of Biodiversity: A Species 2000 Symposium Review, University of Canterbury Press (p.1)

Note: Localities are approximate, and represent only some of the known localities for the species.