Species Images
The Golden Volute from deep water off New Zealand. 125mm
Key to Geographical Ranges
The symbols K.A.C.F.M.An. are used to indicate the geographical range of the species. They have been adopted to give an approxomation of the range of each species within New Zealand.
K=
Kermadec Islands
A=
Aupourian - Kaipara Harbour, north around North Cape, encompassing the Three Kings Islands and south to East Cape
C=
Cookian - Lower North Island and the northern part of the South Island
F=
Forsterian - Otago, Fiordland and Stewart Island
M=
Moriorian - Chatham Islands, Pitt Island
An=
Antipodean - Subantarctic Islands of New Zealand
FW =
Freshwater
L =
Land
N =
North Island
S =
South Island
E =
Endemic
I =
Introduced

Provocator (Iredalina) mirabilis Finlay, 1926

Classification:Gastropoda - Caenogastropoda - Neogastropoda
Family:VOLUTIDAE: ZIDONINAE
Size/Grows to:Height 155mm, Width 50mm
Distribution:Off East Coast of North and South Island, and subantarctic islands
Geographical Range:ACFMAnE.
Notes:
White form occurs rarely off Auckland Islands
References and Publications:
  • Bail, P., Limpus, A. 2005: A Conchological Iconography 11, The Recent Volutes of New Zealand, with a revision of the genus Alcithoe H. & A. Adams, 1853, ConchBooks, Hackenheim, Germany (p.64)
  • Hazelwood, B.F. Mar/1995: A recently discovered population of the Golden Volute Provocator mirabilis (Finlay 1926), Poirieria, 17(3)
  • Powell, A.W.B. 1979: New Zealand Mollusca: Marine, Land and Freshwater Shells, Collins, Auckland (p.213)
  • Gardner, N.W. Mar/1966: Iredalina - Our Golden Volute, Poirieria, 3(2)