Quick Search
Key to Geographical Ranges
The symbols K.A.C.F.M.An. are used to indicate the geographical range of the species. They have been adopted to give an approxomation of the range of each species within New Zealand.
K=
Kermadec Islands
A=
Aupourian - Kaipara Harbour, north around North Cape, encompassing the Three Kings Islands and south to East Cape
C=
Cookian - Lower North Island and the northern part of the South Island
F=
Forsterian - Otago, Fiordland and Stewart Island
M=
Moriorian - Chatham Islands, Pitt Island
An=
Antipodean - Subantarctic Islands of New Zealand
FW =
Freshwater
L =
Land
E =
Endemic
I =
Introduced
Bivalvia - Autobranchia - Mytiloida - Family: Mytilidae

Mytilidae: Mytilinae

 

Genus: Mytilus

 
Mytilus galloprovincialis Lamarck, 1819 (=aoteanus Powell, =edulis Suter, =planulatus Lamarck)
Length 120mm, Width 50mm, Blue Mussel
North, South, Stewart, Chatham, Auckland and Campbell Islands [ACFMAn]

Genus: Perna

 
Perna canaliculus (Gmelin, 1791)
Length 160mm, Width 75mm, Green Mussel, Green Lipped Mussel. Endemic
North, South, Stewart and Chatham Islands [ACFE.]

Mytilidae: Bathymodiolinae

 

Genus: Adipicola

 
Adipicola osseocola (Dell, 1987)
Length 24mm, Height 10mm, Endemic
North of Chatham Islands. On whale skull 880-882 metres [ME.]

Genus: Bathymodiolus

 
Bathymodiolus manusensis Hashimoto & Furuta, 2007
Vent Mussel
Kermadec Ridge, SSW of Tonga, Monowai Caldera, 1143 metres [K.]

Genus: Benthomodiolus

 
Endemic
Off White Island, down to Chatham Islands. On bored logs [ACME.]
 

Genus: Gigantidas

 
Gigantidas gladius Marshall, 2003
Length 316mm, Height 54mm, Giant Vent Mussel. Endemic
Submarine volcanoes, Southern Kermadec Ridge, 216-755 metres [K.E.]
 
Gigantidas tangaroa (Cosel & Marshall, 2003)
Length 200mm, Endemic
Off SE North Island, from active submarine volcanoes around 920-1205 metres. Off Cape Turnagain [CE.]
 

Genus: Idas

 
Idas japonica (Habe, 1976)
Southwest Pacific, benthic [A]
 
Idas washingtoniana (Bernard, 1978)
Southwest Pacific, benthic [ACM]
 

Genus: Terua

 
Terua arcuatilis (Dell, 1995)
Length 30mm, Height 8mm, Endemic
Chatham Rise and Challenger Plateau. On whale bone from 550-1100 metres [CME.]

Genus: Vulcanidas

 
Vulcanidas insolatus Marshall, 2010
Length 178mm, Width 92mm, Endemic. Near active volcanic venting sites
Kermadec Ridge. Macauley Caldera and Giggenback volcano, 140-504 metres [K.E.]
 

Mytilidae: Crenellinae

 

Genus: Arcuatula

 
Arcuatula senhousia Benson, 1842
Length 31mm, Height 15mm, Asian Mussel. Introduced
Worldwide. Northland, New Zealand. Clustered in dense masses in muddy harbours [AI.]

Genus: Gregariella

 
Gregariella barbata (Reeve, 1858)
Length 11mm, Width 5mm
North, South and Chatham Islands. Also Western Australia to New South Wales [K.ACM]

Genus: Musculus

 
Musculus cumingianus (Reeve, 1857)
Kermadec Islands [K.]
 
Musculus impactus (Hermann, 1782)
Length 45mm, Width 28mm, Nesting Mussel
North, South, Stewart and Chatham Islands. In clumps under rocks below low tide [ACFM]

Genus: Rhomboidella

 
Rhomboidella radians (Suter, 1908)
Width 4.2mm, Height 6mm, Endemic
North Island. Three Kings Islands to Bay of Plenty [AE.]
 

Mytilidae: Dacrydiinae

 

Genus: Dacrydium

 
Dacrydium pelseneeri Hedley, 1906
Width 1.5mm, Height 2.2mm, Endemic
Off Three Kings Islands, off Northland to East Cape [AFE.]
 

Mytilidae: Lithophaginae

 

Genus: Zelithophaga

 
Zelithophaga truncata (Gray, 1843)
Length 50mm, Height 15mm, Endemic
North and South Islands. Boring into soft rock [ACFE.]

Mytilidae: Modiolinae

 

Genus: Aulacomya

 
Aulacomya maoriana (Iredale, 1915) (=ater Molina, =magellanicus Lamarck)
Length 60mm, Width 30mm, Ribbed Mussel. Endemic
Lower North Island, South, Stewart, Chathams, Bounty, Auckland and Campbell Islands. Also off North Cape and Three Kings Islands [ACFMAnE.]

Genus: Modiolus

 
Modiolus areolatus (Gould, 1850)
Length 115mm, Width 70mm
North, South Stewart, Chatham, Bounty, Auckland and Campbell Islands [ACFMAn]
Modiolus auriculatus Krauss, 1848
SW Pacific, Lord Howe Island, Norfolk and Kermadec Islands [K.]
 

Genus: Septifer

 
Septifer cumingii Récluz, 1849 (=bryanae Pilsbry, =cf. bilocularis of authors)
Kermadec Islands and North Island. Northland east coast [K.A]

Genus: Xenostrobus

 
Xenostrobus neozelanicus (Lamarck, 1819) (=pulex of authors not Lamarck)
Length 25mm, Height 12mm, Little Black Mussel
North, South and Stewart Island. Snares and Auckland Islands. Also Western Australia. On open coasts at low tide [ACFAn]
Xenostrobus securis (Lamarck, 1819)
Length 35mm, Height 17mm
North, South and Chatham Islands. Also Western Australia to Queensland. Estuarine areas [ACFM]