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Key to Geographical Ranges
The symbols K.A.C.F.M.An. are used to indicate the geographical range of the species. They have been adopted to give an approxomation of the range of each species within New Zealand.
Kermadec Islands
Aupourian - Kaipara Harbour, north around North Cape, encompassing the Three Kings Islands and south to East Cape
Cookian - Lower North Island and the northern part of the South Island
Forsterian - Otago, Fiordland and Stewart Island
Moriorian - Chatham Islands, Pitt Island
Antipodean - Subantarctic Islands of New Zealand
FW =
L =
E =
I =
Bivalvia - Autobranchia - Limida - Family: Limidae



Genus: Acesta

Acesta maui Marshall, 2001
Width 90mm, Height 130mm, Endemic
Off Cook Strait, Chatham Rise, Campbell Rise, Papanui Canyon. Off Auckland Islands [CMAnE.]
Acesta saginata Marshall, 2001
Width 70mm, Height 95mm
Off Kermadec Islands and Three Kings Islands. Trawled around 1000-1400 metres [K.A]

Genus: Divarilima

Divarilima sydneyensis (Hedley, 1904)
Width 5.5mm, Height 7mm
Off Three Kings Islands to Northland east coast. Under stones from low tide [K.A]

Genus: Escalima

Escalima regularis Powell, 1955
Width 8mm, Height 10mm, Endemic
Three Kings Islands to Snares, Auckland and Chatham Islands. Chatham Rise [ACFMAnE.]

Genus: Lima

Lima zelandica G.B.Sowerby III, 1877 (=colorata, Boreham)
Width 58mm, Height 85mm, Endemic
Lower South Island. Stewart and Chatham Islands. Dredged from shallow water to around 130 metres [FMAnE.]

Genus: Limaria

Limaria orientalis (Adams & Reeve, 1850) File Shell
Length 36mm, Width 24mm
North Island and northern South Island. Also Japan and South Australia. Under stones from low tide [AC]

Genus: Limatula

Limatula acherontis Fleming, 1978
Raoul Island, Kermadec Islands [K.E.]
Limatula aupouria Powell, 1937
Width 1.6mm, Height 2.4mm, Endemic
Off Three Kings Islands, trawled 260 metres [AE.]
Limatula insularis Oliver, 1915
Kermadec Islands [K.E.]
Limatula powelli Fleming, 1978
Off Three Kings Islands 622 metres. Off Antipodes and Bounty Islands. Also New South Wales and South Australia [K.AAn]
Limatula raoulica Fleming, 1978
Length 5mm, Width 3mm, Endemic
NW of Fleetwood Bluff, Raoul Island, Kermadec Islands [K.E.]
Limatula suteri (Dall, 1908)
Width 6mm, Height 11mm, Endemic. Smaller and narrower than maoria. Radial ribs fewer, and grouped posterior to the median ridge
North, South and Stewart Islands. Chatham Rise and off Snares Islands [ACFMAnE.]
Limatula vigilis Fleming, 1978
Length 7.5mm, Width 4.5mm, Endemic
Off Three Kings Islands, North, South, Stewart, Snares and Auckland Islands [ACFAnE.]

Genus: Limatula (Antarctolima)

Width 10mm, Height 12mm
Off Macquarie Island 69 metres, Also Magellan Strait to Falklands, South Georgia, Antarctica, Kerguelen Islands [An]

Genus: Limatula (Limatuletta)

Off Three Kings Islands, trawled 800 metres [AE.]
Length 8.7mm, Width 5.8mm
E of Norfolk Islands [K.]

Genus: Limatula (Stabilima)

Width 17mm, Height 33mm, File Shell. Endemic. Sculptured with low crisp radial ribs, well developed over the central area but obsolete at the sides, crossed by dense concentric growth lines
North, South, Stewart and Chatham Islands. Shallow water to over 500 metres [ACFME.]
Kermadec Islands [K.]