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Key to Geographical Ranges
The symbols K.A.C.F.M.An. are used to indicate the geographical range of the species. They have been adopted to give an approxomation of the range of each species within New Zealand.
Kermadec Islands
Aupourian - Kaipara Harbour, north around North Cape, encompassing the Three Kings Islands and south to East Cape
Cookian - Lower North Island and the northern part of the South Island
Forsterian - Otago, Fiordland and Stewart Island
Moriorian - Chatham Islands, Pitt Island
Antipodean - Subantarctic Islands of New Zealand
FW =
L =
N =
North Island
S =
South Island
E =
I =
Gastropoda - Caenogastropoda - Ptenoglossa - Family: Epitoniidae

Epitoniidae: Epitoniinae


Genus: Acirsa

Acirsa cookiana (Dell, 1956)
Height 10mm, Width 3.5mm
North Island, Cook Strait and eastern South Island [ACE.]

Genus: Alora

Alora billeeana (Du Shane & Bratcher, 1965)
Kermadec Islands [K.]

Genus: Amaea (Scalina)

Height 30mm
Kermadec Islands [K.]

Genus: Cirsotrema

Height 7mm, Width 3mm
North Island, Hawkes Bay to Chatham Islands [CFME.]
Cirsotrema zelebori (Dunker, 1866)
Height 30mm, Width 11mm, Wentletrap
Three Kings Islands, North, South, Stewart and Chatham Islands [ACFME.]

Genus: Claviscala

Claviscala kuroharai Kuroda & Habe, 1961
Height 83mm Width 22.4mm
Off Three Kings Islands, Norfolk Islands, Japan. 200-730 metres [A]

Genus: Cycloscala

Cycloscala sp. cf. hyalina (G.B.Sowerby II, 1844)
Kermadec Islands [K.]

Genus: Epitonium (Hyaloscala)

Height 14mm, Width 6mm, Wentletrap
Northland to Mahia [ACE.]
Epitonium (Hyaloscala) jukesianum (Forbes, 1852) (=ampacta Iredale)
Height 13mm, Width 4mm, Wentletrap
North Island to Cook Strait. Also Tasmania and from New South Wales to Western Australia [ACE.]

Genus: Epitonium (Lamelliscala)

Height 14mm, Width 5mm, Wentletrap
Northland east coast. Also New South Wales, Australia [AC]

Genus: Epitonium (Papyriscala)

Height 20mm, Width 9mm, Wentletrap
Northland to Bay of Plenty, in silty sand. Also Queensland to Victoria, Australia [ACE.]

Genus: Gyroscala (Pomiscala)

Gyroscala (Pomiscala) lamellosa (Lamarck, 1822) (=Scalaria perplexa Pease, =coronatum Lamarck 1816?)
Height 30mm, Width 12mm, Umbilicus is closed, there is a spiral rib on the base of the body whorl, and a brown band is present at the top of whorls
Kermadec, Australia and Northland, NZ [K.A]

Genus: Opalia (Nodiscala)

Height 7mm, Width 2.5mm
Northland, off Ahipara 130 metres [AE.]
Height 7.5mm, Width 2.5mm
Off Taiaroa Head, Otago [FE.]
Height 10mm
Northland, off North Cape [AE.]

Genus: Papuliscala

Papuliscala superlata Finlay, 1930
Height 4.5mm, Width 1.3mm
Off North Cape [AE.]