Quick Search
Key to Geographical Ranges
The symbols K.A.C.F.M.An. are used to indicate the geographical range of the species. They have been adopted to give an approxomation of the range of each species within New Zealand.
Kermadec Islands
Aupourian - Kaipara Harbour, north around North Cape, encompassing the Three Kings Islands and south to East Cape
Cookian - Lower North Island and the northern part of the South Island
Forsterian - Otago, Fiordland and Stewart Island
Moriorian - Chatham Islands, Pitt Island
Antipodean - Subantarctic Islands of New Zealand
FW =
L =
N =
North Island
S =
South Island
E =
I =
Gastropoda - Caenogastropoda - Neogastropoda - Family: Columbellidae

Columbellidae: Columbellinae


Genus: Euplica

Euplica varians (G.B.Sowerby I, 1832)
Kermadec Islands [K.]

Columbellidae: Atiliinae


Genus: Antimitrella

Antimitrella laxa Powell, 1937
Height 2mm
Off Three Kings Islands [AE.]

Genus: Aoteatilia

Aoteatilia acicula (Suter, 1908)
Height 3.5mm
South Island. Foveaux Strait and Snares Islands. Also recently recorded from the Chatham Islands [FMAnE.]
Aoteatilia amphipsila (Suter, 1908)
Height 3.5mm
Off Snares Islands, 110 metres [AnE.]
Aoteatilia larochei Powell, 1940
Length 3.5mm
Northland to Mahia [ACE.]
Aoteatilia psila (Suter, 1908)
Height 6mm, Width 2.5mm
Off Three Kings Is and Northland [AE.]
Aoteatilia substriata (Suter, 1899)
Height 5.5mm Width 2.25mm
Foveaux Strait and Stewart Island [FE.]
Height 6mm, Width 2mm
Off Snares Islands 90 metres [AnE.]

Genus: Exomilopsis

Exomilopsis hipkinsi Powell, 1964
Height 9.5mm, Width 2.8mm
Far North and off Three Kings Islands, and Ranfurly Bank, East Cape [AE.]

Genus: Liratilia

Liratilia compta Powell, 1930
Height 5mm, Width 2.2mm
Northland east coast to Mahia [ACE.]
Liratilia conquisita (Suter, 1907) (=angulata Suter)
Height 7mm, Width 3mm
Off Three Kings Islands to Foveaux Strait, and Snares Islands [ACFAnE.]
Height 3mm, Width 1.2mm
Off Chatham Islands 230 metres [ME.]
Off Awanui Heads [AE.]
Liratilia elegantula Powell, 1937
Height 4.6mm, Width 1.75mm
Off Three Kings Islands [AE.]
Liratilia isolata Dell, 1956
Height 5mm
Off Chatham Islands 230 metres [ME.]
Liratilia sinuata Powell, 1937
Height 6mm
Off Three Kings Islands and Northland [AE.]
Liratilia subnodosa Powell, 1934
Height 7mm, Width 3mm
Northland [AE.]

Genus: Macrozafra

Macrozafra cophinodes (Suter, 1908)
Height 7mm, Width 3.1mm
Off Snares and Antipodes Islands [AnE.]
Macrozafra enwrighti Powell, 1940
Height 3.6mm, Width 2mm
Northland [AE.]
Macrozafra mariae Powell, 1940
Height 8.5mm, Width 4mm
Northland [AE.]
Macrozafra nodicincta (Suter, 1899)
Height 7.5mm, Width 3mm
North and South Island, to Foveaux Strait [ACFE.]
Macrozafra subabnormis (Suter, 1889)
Height 7mm, Width 3mm
Northland to Cook Strait, Fiordland and Chatham Islands in shallow water [ACME.]
Macrozafra vivens (Powell, 1934)
Height 12mm, Width 5mm
Northland to East Cape [AE.]

Genus: Mitrella

Mitrella ligula (Duclos, 1840)
Kermadec Islands [K.]

Genus: Paxula

Paxula allani Finlay, 1928
Height 7mm, Width 3mm
Chatham Islands [ME.]
Paxula leptalea (Suter, 1908)
Height 4.5mm, Width 1.8mm
Off Bounty and Campbell Islands [AnE.]
Paxula paxillus (Murdoch, 1905)
Height 6mm, Width 2.5mm
North, South, Stewart, Chatham and Auckland Islands [ACFE.]
Paxula subantarctica (Suter, 1908)
Height 6mm, Width 2.5mm
Off Bounty and Auckland Islands [AnE.]
Height 7mm, Width 3mm
Campbell Island [AnE.]
Paxula transitans (Murdoch, 1905)
Southland, Stewart, Snares and Bounty Islands [FAnE.]

Genus: Zafra

Zafra fuscolineata Oliver, 1915
Kermadec Islands [K.E.]
Zafra kermadecensis Oliver, 1915
Kermadec Islands [K.E.]

Genus: Zemitrella

Zemitrella annectens Powell, 1937
Height 3mm, Width 1.2mm
Off Three Kings Islands [AE.]
Zemitrella attenuata Powell, 1940
Height 4.5mm, Width 1.6mm
Off Three Kings Islands [AE.]
Height 4.5mm, Width 2.2mm
Off eastern Otago, Karitane Canyon [FE.]
Zemitrella choava (Reeve, 1859)
Height 6.5mm, Width 3mm
North, South and Stewart Island. Also Kermadec Islands [K.ACFE.]
Height 7.5mm, Width 3.3mm
Cook Strait and South Island. Taiaroa Canyon, NE of Otago Peninsula, trawled in 550 metres [FE.]
Zemitrella daemona (Webster, 1906)
Height 6mm, Width 2mm
Off Northland to Bay of Plenty [AE.]
Zemitrella fallax Powell, 1940
Height 3mm, Width 1.5mm
Northland to Mahia [ACE.]
Zemitrella finlayi Powell, 1933
Height 4mm, Width 1.7mm
Chatham Islands [ME.]
Zemitrella laevigata (Duter, 1908)
Height 4mm, Width 1.8mm
Northland to East Cape [AFE.]
Height 4mm, Width 2mm
Off Three Kings Islands [AE.]
Height 3.3mm, Width 1.3mm
Far North and Ranfurly Bank [AE.]
Height 6.5mm, Width 2.7mm
Northland to Bay of Plenty [ACE.]
Zemitrella regis Powell, 1940
Height 3.7mm, Width 1.8mm
Off Three Kings Islands in 250 metres [AE.]
Zemitrella rosea (Hutton, 1873)
Height 6mm, Width 3mm
Cook Strait southwards and southern islands [CFAnE.]
Zemitrella sericea Powell, 1937
Height 3.5mm Width 1.5mm
Off Three Kings Islands [AE.]
Height 7.5mm, Width 3.7mm
Northland to Mahia [ACE.]
Zemitrella sulcata (Hutton, 1873)
Height 9mm, Width 4mm
South Island, from Cook Strait south to Snares and Auckland Island [FE.]
Height 9mm, Width 4mm
Auckland Islands [AnE.]
Zemitrella turgida Powell, 1937
Height 4.3mm, Width 2.4mm
Off Three Kings Islands [AE.]
Zemitrella websteri (Suter, 1913)
Height 3mm, Width 1mm
Northland. Off Great Barrier Island [AE.]
Height 3.5mm, Width 1.4mm
Northland. Wainui Bay, Whangaroa, in shell sand [AE.]