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Key to Geographical Ranges
The symbols K.A.C.F.M.An. are used to indicate the geographical range of the species. They have been adopted to give an approxomation of the range of each species within New Zealand.
Kermadec Islands
Aupourian - Kaipara Harbour, north around North Cape, encompassing the Three Kings Islands and south to East Cape
Cookian - Lower North Island and the northern part of the South Island
Forsterian - Otago, Fiordland and Stewart Island
Moriorian - Chatham Islands, Pitt Island
Antipodean - Subantarctic Islands of New Zealand
FW =
L =
E =
I =
Phylum Mollusca, Class Cephalopoda
Sub Class Coleoida
Order Spirulida
Spirula Lamarck, 1801 (Nautilus spirula Linnaeus)
spirula (Linnaeus, 1758) A.C.F.M. photo
Order Sepiida
Sepioloidea d'Orbigny, 1840 (Sepiola lineolata Quoy & Gaimard)
pacifica (Kirk, 1882) A.C.F.M.
Iridoteuthis Naef, 1912 (Stoloteuthis iris Berry)
maoria Dell, 1959 A.C.
Chtenopteryx Appellöf, 1890 (C. fimbriatus Appellöf)
sicula (Vérany, 1851)
Order Myopsida
Sepioteuthis Blainville, 1824 (S.sepiacea de Blaniville)
australis Quoy & Gaimard, 1832 (=bilineata Quoy & Gaimard) A.C.
lessoniana Lesson, 1830 A.C.
Order Oegopsida
Lycoteuthis Pfeiffer, 1908 (Enoploteuthis diadema Chun) (=Oregoniateuthis Voss)
lorigera (Steenstrup, 1875) (=diadema Chun =longimanus Imber not Steenstrup) A.C.F.
Nematolampas Berry, 1913 (N. regalis Berry)
regalis Berry, 1913 K.E.
Lampadioteuthis Berry, 1916 (L.megaleia Berry)
megaleia Berry, 1916 K.A.
Abralia Gray, 1849 (Onychoteuthis armata Quoy & Gaimard)
astrolineata Berry, 1914 K.
Abraliopsis Joubin, 1896 (A.pfefferi Joubin)
gilchristi (Robson, 1924) (=Enoploteuthis neozelanica Dell) A.C.
tui Riddell, 1985 A.C.
Enoploteuthis d'Orbigny, 1840 (Loligo leptura Leach)
galaxias Berry, 1918 (=Lycoteuthis diadema Imber not Chun) A.C.
jonesi Burgess, 1982 K.
reticulata Rancurel, 1970 K.
Ancistrocheirus Gray, 1849 (Enoploteuthis lesueuri d'Orbigny)
lesueurii (d'Orbigny, 1842) K.A.C.
Pterygioteuthis Fischer, 1896 (P.giardi Fischer)
gemmata Chun, 1908
hoylei (Pfeffer, 1912) (=giardi of authors, not H.Fischer) K.A.
microlampas Berry, 1913 K.
Pyroteuthis Hoyle, 1904 (Enoploteuthis margaritifera Rüppell)
margaritifera (Rüppell, 1844) K.A.C.
serrata Riddell, 1985 K.
Notonykia Nesis, Roeleveld & Nikitina, 1998 (N.africanae Nesis, Roeleveld & Nikitina)
africanae Nesis, Roeleveld & Nikitina, 1998 (=Ancistroteuthis lichtensteinii of authors in part, not Férussac) A.C.M.
nesisi Bolstad, 2007 (=Ancistroteuthis lichtensteinii of authors in part, not Férussac) F.An.
Onychoteuthis Lichtenstein, 1818 (Loligo banksii Leach)
aequimanus Gabb, 1868 (=banksii of authors not Leach) K.A.C.M.
Onykia (Onykia) Lesueur, 1821 (O.carriboea Lesueur) (=Moroteuthis Verrill)
carriboea Lesueur, 1821 K.C.
robsoni Adam, 1962 A.C.F.M.An.
Onykia (Moroteuthopsis) Pfeffer, 1908 (Onychoteutis ingens E.A.Smith)
ingens (E.A. Smith, 1881) A.C.F.M.An.
Gonatus Gray, 1849 (Onychoteuthis fabricii Lichtenstein)
antarcticus Lönnberg, 1898 (=fabricii Dell not Lichtenstein) A.C.F.M.An.
Lepidoteuthis Joubin, 1895 (L.grimaldii Joublin)
grimaldii Joubin, 1895 A.
Octopoteuthis Rüppell, 1884 (Octopus sicula Rüppell)
megaptera (Verrill, 1885)
Taningia Joubin, 1931 (T.danae Joubin)
danae Joubin, 1931 A.An.
Pholidoteuthis Adam, 1950 (P.boschmai Adam)
massyae (Pfeffer, 1912) (=boschmai Adam) A.
Architeuthis Steenstrup, 1857 (A.dux Steenstrup)
dux Steenstrup, 1857 (=kirkii Robson, =longimanus Kirk, =stockii Kirk, =verrilli Kirk) A.C.F.M.An.
Histioteuthis d'Orbigny, 1841 (Cranchia bonnellii Férussac)
atlantica (Hoyle, 1885) (=cookiana Dell) K.A.C.F.M.An.
bonnellii (Férussac, 1834) (=corpuscula Clarke) K.A.C.
eltaninae N. Voss, 1969 A.C.F.M.An.
hoylei (Goodrich, 1896) (=dolfleini Pfeffer) A.C.
macrohista N. Voss, 1969 C.F.M.
meleagroteuthis (Chun, 1910) K.A.
miranda (Berry, 1918) A.C.F.
Eucleoteuthis Berry, 1916 (Symplectoteuthis luminosa Sasaki)
luminosa (Sasaki, 1915) K.
Hyaloteuthis Gray, 1849 (Sepia pelagica Bosc)
pelagica (Bosc, 1802) A.
Ommastrephes d'Orbigny, 1835 (Loligo bartramii Lesueur)
bartramii (Lesueur, 1821) K.A.
Sthenoteuthis Verrill, 1880 (Ommastrephes pterpous Steenstrup)
oualaniensis (Lesson, 1830) A.
Martialia Rochebrune & Mabille, 1889 (M.hyadesi Rochebrune & Mabille)
hyadesi Rochebrune & Mabille, 1889 C.F.M.An.
Nototodarus Pfeffer, 1912 (Ommastrephes insignis Gould)
gouldi (McCoy, 1888) A.C.
sloanni (Gray, 1849) C.F.M.An.E.
Todarodes Steenstrup, 1880 (Loligo sagittatus Lamarck)
angolensis Adam, 1962 F.
filippovae Adam, 1975 (=angolensis Nesis not Adam) C.F.M.An.
Asperoteuthis Nesis, 1980 (Chiroteuthis famelica Berry)
lui Salcedo-Vargas, 1999 C.E.
Chiroteuthis d'Orbigny, 1839 (Loligopsis veranyi Férussac)
capensis G. Voss, 1967 An.
Idioteuthis (Idioteuthis) Sasaki, 1916 (I. latipinna Sasaki) (=Mastigopsis Grimpe)
cordiformis Chun, 1908 A.C.F.M.
Idioteuthis (Magnoteuthis) Salcedo-Vargas & Okutani, 1994 (Mastigoteuthis magna Joubin)
magna (Joubin, 1913)
Mastigoteuthis Verrill, 1881 (M.agassizii Verrill)
agassizii Verrill, 1881 (=dentata Hoyle, =flammea Chun) A.C.
Cranchia Leach, 1817 (C.scabra Leach)
scabra Leach, 1817 A.An.
Leachia Lesueur, 1821 (L.cyclura Lesueur) (=Pyrgopsis Rochebrune)
rynchophorus (Rochebrune, 1884) (=cyclura Imber not Lesueur, =Pyrgopsis pacificus Massy not Issel) A.C.
Bathothauma Chun, 1906 (B.lyromma Chun)
lyromma Chun, 1906 An.
Galiteuthis Joubin, 1898 (G.armata Joubin)
pacifica (Robson, 1948) (=armata Imber not Joubin) A.
suhmi (Hoyle, 1885) (=glacialis Imber not Chun) A.F.An.
Helicocranchia Massy, 1907 (H. pfefferi Massy)
pfefferi Massy, 1907
Liguriella Issel, 1908 (L.podophtalma Issel)
pardus Berry, 1916 K.
podophtalma Issel, 1908 (=Fusochranchia pellucida Imber not Chun) A.C.F.M.An.
Megalocranchia Pfeffer, 1884 (M.maxima Pfeffer)
maxima Pfeffer, 1884 A.M.An.
Sandalops Chun, 1906 (S.melancholicus Chun)
melancholicus Chun, 1906 A.
Taonius Steenstrup, 1861 (Loligo pavo Lesueur)
cf. pavo (Lesueur, 1821) A.C.F.M.An.
Teuthowenia Chun, 1910 (Cranchia megalops Prosch)
pellucida (Chun, 1910) (=impennis Robson, =Megalocranchia pardus Berry, =M.richardsoni Dell) A.C.F.M.An.
Order Octopoda
Amphitretus Hoyle, 1885 (A. pelagicus Hoyle)
pelagicus Hoyle, 1885 K.
thielei Robson, 1930 F.M.An.
Bolitaena Steenstrup, 1859 (B. microtyla Steenstrup)
microtyla Steenstrup in Hoyle, 1886 (='mycrotyla' O'Shea) C.
Eledonella Verrill, 1884 (E.pygmaea Verrill)
pygmaea Verrill, 1884 C.
Japetella Hoyle, 1885 (J.prismatica Hoyle)
diaphana Hoyle, 1885 K.A.
Vitreledonella Joubin, 1918 (V.richardi Joubin)
richardi Joubin, 1918 K.A.
Benthoctopus Grimpe, 1921 (Octopus piscatorum Verrill)
clyderoperi O'Shea, 1999 A.C.M.E.
tangaroa O'Shea, 1999 (=Octopus sp. Kubodera in Amaoka et al .) C.F.M.An.E.
tegginmathae O'Shea, 1999 A.C.F.M.E.
Callistoctopus Taki, 1964 (C.arakawai Taki)
kermadecensis (Berry, 1914) K.E.
Enteroctopus Gould, 1852 (E. megalcyathus Gould)
zealandicus Benham, 1944 (=cordiformis Filhol not Quoy & Gaimand, =maorum of authors not Hutton, =dofleini Imber not Wülker) C.F.M.An.E.
Graneledone Joubin, 1918 (Eledone verrucosa Verrill)
challengeri (Berry, 1916) K.A.C.F.M.E.
taniwha O'Shea, 1999 C.F.M.An.E.
taniwha kubodera O'Shea, 1999 (=Pareledone sp. aff. polymorpha Kubodera) An.E.
Macroctopus Robson, 1928 (Octopus maorum Hutton)
maorum (Hutton, 1880) (=australis Benham not Hoyle, =cordiformis O'Shea not Quoy & Gaimard) A.C.F.An.
Octopus Cuvier, 1797 (O.vulgaris Cuvier) (=Polypus Schneider, =Pinnoctopus d'Orbigny, =Robsonella Adam)
campbelli (E.A.Smith, 1902) (=australis of authors not Hoyle in part) F.An.E.
huttoni (Benham, 1943) (=australis Massy not Hoyle, =duplex Berry not Hoyle, =adamsi Benham, =campbelli of authors not Smith) A.C.F.M.An.
kaharoa O'Shea, 1999 A.C.E.
mernoo O'Shea, 1999 C.F.M.E.
oliveri (Berry, 1914) K.
sp O'Shea, 1999
sp. cf. rugosus (Bosc, 1792) A.
tetricus Gould, 1852 (=australis Dell not Hoyle, =gibbsi O'Shea) A. photo
Pareledone Robson, 1932 (Eledone charcoti Joubin)
sp. O'Shea, 1999
Thaumeledone Robson, 1930 (Eledone brevis Hoyle)
marshalli O'Shea, 1999 A.C.M.E.
zeiss O'Shea, 1999 F.M.E.
Tremoctopus delle Chiaje, 1830 (T.violaceus Delle Chiaje)
robsonianus Kirk, 1883 (=violaceus of authors not delle Chiaje, =gracilis of authors not Eydoux & Souleyet) K.A.C.E.
Cirroteuthis Eschricht, 1836 (C. muelleri Eschricht)
sp. cf. muelleri Eschricht, 1836 M.E.
Cirrothauma Chun, 1911 (C. murrayi Chun)
sp. cf. magna (Hoyle, 1885) C.E.
Grimpoteuthis Robson, 1932 (Cirroteuthis umbellata Fischer) (=Enigmatiteuthis O'Shea)
innominata O'Shea, 1999 M.E.
Luteuthis O'Shea, 1999 (Luteuthis dentata O'Shea)
dentata O'Shea, 1999 C.E.
Cirroctopus O'Shea, 1999 A.C.
hochbergi O'Shea, 1999 A.C.E.
Opisthoteuthis Verrill, 1883 (O. agassizii Verrill)
chathamensis O'Shea, 1999 C.M.E.
mero O'Shea, 1999 A.C.F.M.An.E.
robsoni O'Shea, 1999 C.F.E.
Ocythoe Rafinesque, 1814 (O.tuberculata Rafinesque)
tuberculata Rafinesque, 1814 K.A.C.F.M.
Argonauta Linnaeus, 1758 (A.argo Linnaeus)
argo Linnaeus, 1758 K.A.C. photo
nodosus Lightfoot, 1786 K.A.C.F.M. photo
Haliphron Steenstrup, 1861 (H. atlanticus Steenstrup) (=Alloposus Verrill)
atlanticus Steenstrup, 1861 (=mollis Verrill) M.
Order Vampyromorpha
Vampyroteuthis Chun, 1903 (V.infernalis Chun)
infernalis Chun, 1903 A.C.An.
Sub Class Nautiloidea
Order Nautilida
Nautilus Linnaeus, 1758
macromphalus G.B. Sowerby II, 1849 A.
pompilius Linnaeus, 1758 A. photo